Observation types: complete participant, observer as participant, participant as observer, and complete observer (Creswell, 2009)
- Observation protocol
- Who is being observed? How many people are invovled, who are they, and what individual roles and mannerisms are evident?
- What are the people saying and doing?
- What is the physical setting like?
- What is the status or roles of people, wh leads, who follows, who is decisive, who is not?
- How did the meeting end?
What activities or interactions sweemed unusual or significant?
- Was the observer a participant or nonparticipant observer? (Gay, Mills, & Airasian, 2006, p. 415)
Creswell, J. (2009). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods apporaches. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Gay, L., Mills, G., & Airasian, P. (2006). Educational research: Competencies for analysis and applications.Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.