Bibliography/Primary & Secondary Education
Non Formal Education
1. Akinsola, Olabode S., Marlien E. Herselman and S. J. Jacobs. 2005. “ICT provision to disadvantaged urban communities: A study in South Africa and Nigeria”. International Journal of Education and Development using ICT. 1 (3). http://ijedict.dec.uwi.edu//viewarticle.php?id=57&layout=html. The focus of this research was to develop a sustainable Information and Communication Technology (ICT) model in a Nigerian community.
2. Wagner, D., Bob Day and J.S. Sun. March 30, 2004. “Information Technologies and Education for the Poor in Africa (ITEPA)”. Final Report for Imfundo: Partnership for IT in Education. http://imfundo.digitalbrain.com/imfundo/web/papers/itepa/ITEPA.doc. Report contains recommendations for a Pro-Poor ICT4D Non-Formal Education Policy.
3. “The First Scale-up CMC Gets off the Ground in Mozambique”. 2005. UNESCO Communication and Information Bulletin. http://portal.unesco.org/ci/en/ev.php-URL_ID=19082&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html. The first Community Multimedia Centre with radio and ICTs in Mozambique, opened as part of UNESCO’s multi-country scale up initiative, was inaugurated on May 9, 2005.
4. “Ethiopian Centre Promoting ICT Use by Blind People Supported by UNESCO”. January 2003. UNESCO Communication and Information Bulletin. http://www.digitalopportunity.org/external/?url=http%3A%2F%2Fportal.unesco.org%2Fci%2Fev.php%3FURL_ID%3D6926%26URL_DO%3DDO_TOPIC%26URL_SECTION%3D201%26reload%3D1041834627. A programme in Ethiopia to support training for the blind and visually impaired through ICTs.
5. "IICD supported project: Kalomo Bwacha Women’s ICT Club”. April 2006. International Institute for Communication and Development. http://www.iicd.org/projects/articles/iicdprojects.2006-04-25.0903449865. Women in a rural area of Zambia are using ICTs in a women’s’ resource centre to improve money making activities by using the internet to market their produce.
6. 6.Laureys, Francois. November 2006. “ICTs and Rural Development: a case from Burkina Faso”. International Institute for Communication and Development. http://www.iicd.org/articles/iicdnews.2006-11-06.1897137599. This article describes three of the five IICD supported projects in Burkina Faso focusing on rural development using ICTs
7. “Egypt Smart Schools”. 2006. International Education Systems. http://ies.edc.org/ourwork/project.php?id=3600&topic=13. An EDC pilot project to build the capacity of teachers to integrate ICTs into teaching and learning, and, to strengthen the capacity of local non-governmental organization (NGO) members to assist schools and communities to manage school-based Community Learning Centers for community development.
8. "dot-EDU Southern Sudan Interactive Radio Instruction (SSIRI) Program”. International Education Systems. . http://ies.edc.org/ourwork/project.php?id=3487&topic=13. The SSIRI program designs, develops, and pilot-tests appropriate and cost-effective technologies in an effort to provide learning opportunities for children, adults and teachers in southern Sudan. Project will run 2004 to 2008.
9. “Nigerian Government kick starts Computer for All Nigerians Initiative (CANi)”. June 10, 2006. Highway Africa News. http://hana.ru.ac.za/article.cfm?articleID=1180. The Nigerian Federal Government has placed an order for the supply of 14,500 units of personal computers under the CANi initiative.
10. “Africa Online’s Infinet Will Boost Basic Education”. September 8, 2006. Ministry of Communications, Republic of Ghana. http://www.moc.gov.gh/modules.php?op=modload&name=News&file=article&sid=159&mode=thread&order=0&thold=0. InfiNet, Africa Online’s new mobile broad band wireless service, has strong potential for applications in basic education in rural schools.
11. Virtual Souk: E-Commerce for unprivileged artisans”. March 25, 2002. iConnect Online. http://www.iconnect-online.org/Stories/Story.import5014/view?searchterm=virtual%20souk. The Virtual Souk is a World Bank supported project that helps craftsmen from the Middle East and North Africa to become economically competitive. The project trains the craftsmen in small business administration techniques and use of the Internet in Tunisia, Lebanon and Morocco.
12. Wambui, Mercy. “Development Through Radio: A Case Study from Sierra Leone”. 2005. The Communication Initiative. http://www.comminit.com/ict/ictcasestudies/ictcasestudies-17.html. The Forum of Conscience (FOC), a human rights non-governmental organization, set out to establish a Development Through Radio(DTR) project in Sierra Leone that would provide a channel through which women could voice their views on the Truth and Reconciliation Commission process and bring gender issues to the fore of the process.
13. “ Evaluation Report on UNESCO's Community Multimedia Centre Initiative(CMC)”. May 22, 2006. Internal Oversight Service, Evaluation Section: UNESCO. http://portal.unesco.org/ci/en/files/22129/11477736959CMC_Evaluation_Final.pdf/CMC%2BEvaluation_Final.pdf. An assessment of UNESCO’s CMC initiative which promotes sustainable local development through community-based facilities that combine traditional media like radio, television and print with new information communication technologies (ICTs) such as computers, the Internet, and mobile devices.
14. Pigato, Miria. 2001. “Information and Communication Technology, Poverty, and Development in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia”. World Bank. http://www-wds.worldbank.org/servlet/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2001/09/28/000094946_01091404003925/Rendered/PDF/multi0page.pdf. Examines patterns of utilization, ownership and affordability of Information and Communication Technologies.
15. “The ICT Programme”. 2006. Mauritius National Computer Board. http://www.gov.mu/portal/site/ncbnew?content_id=04c5542c04f7d010VgnVCM1000000a04a8c0RCRD. An ambitious programme for training 400,000 Mauritians in ICT over the next four years began on September 4in the IT labs of 60 secondary schools across the country.
16. “Using Information and Communication Technology to Combat HIV/AIDS – Uganda”. March 24, 2004. The Communication Initiative. http://www.comminit.com/experiences/pds32004/experiences-1900.html Implemented by the USA-based Education Development Center (EDC) and partners, this project uses peer learning, social action, and small business projects that integrate ICTs with information about HIV/AIDS to enable youth to build IT skills. A broader goal is to test the potential of ICTs as a means of facilitating youth and community learning about HIV/AIDS.
17. “Computerize Nigeria Project”. October 2006. This Day. http://www.independentngonline.com/news/51/ARTICLE/13160/2006-10-16.html. The Computerize Nigeria Project, a NGO, has concluded plans to invest over N400 million in two mega computer training schools as a first phase in the planned roll-out of mega computer schools across the country. One , to open in January 2007,will be an IT training school and the other, when operational, will train civil servants, teachers, lecturers and unemployed graduates.