631 - Health Education

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Man as a Mammal.

The general characteristics of plants and animals. Interdependence of man and other living things. The special characteristics that give man his unique position in the world. An introductory survey of the human body considered as a complete organism so as to clear the idea of the nature and position of the main organs. A broad outline of the part these organs play in the essential physiological activities that take place in the human body.

It is suggested that dissections of a rabbit, guinea pig, rat, or other small mammal be used to illustrate the general anatomy.

Simple Study of Living Cells

Cell specialization as illustrated by blood, muscle and epithelial cells.

The Functions of Food

In relation to its chemical composition and classification as proteins, carbohydrates, fats, mineral salts, and vitamins, illustrated by local examples of everyday foodstuffs. Qualitative planning of balanced diets and the consequences of deficiencies, with special reference to local diet. The teeth: arrangement, structure and care. The function and structure of the digestive organs., Digestion, absorption, and assimilation.

A General Outline of the Blood System and the Nature and Functions of Blood and Lymph

Their transport functions in nutrition, respiration, excretion and heat distribution.

Outline of Functions and Structure of Liver and Kidney

External Respiration

Functions of the nose, mouth, air passages and lungs. Internal respiration, its full significance in releasing energy. Heat production, heat loss, and body temperature regulation.; including an outline of the functions and structure of the skin

A Simple Study of the Skeleton and its Functions

Joints: ball-and-socket and hinge joints only. Muscles: their origin and insertion in relation to movement. Candidates should be familiar with the idea that movement is brought about by the coordinated contraction and relaxation of opposing sets of muscles. The principle of levers applied to movement of joints. The characteristics of good posture. Work, fatigue, rest and sleep.

Simple Outline of Reproduction

Male and female organs. Development of fertilized ovum, excluding details of cell division; an outline of the growth of the fetus.

Broad Outline of the Nervous System

Voluntary and reflex action. The sense organs; general structure and functions of the ear and eye. Common defects of vision and their correction. Organs of taste and smell, and sense organs of the skin in outline only.

The Germ Theory of Disease

The germ theory of disease. The following diseases - smallpox, cholera, tuberculosis, malaria, typhus, tinea (ring worm), scabies or other skin parasite, hookworm - should be studied in connection with:

(a) The Causative Agents - viruses, bacteria. Rickettsiae, protozoa, fungi, worms.

(b) Sources of Infection and Methods of Transmission - air, water, skin contact, food contamination, two-winged insects, other animal vectors.

(c) Symptoms

(d) Prevention and Control - General principles and application of disinfection, sterilization, and asepsis. Immunity: natural and acquired.