500 - General Science

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Physics Section

Formulae for the Volumes of Common Regular Solids

Factors Influencing the Periodic Time of a Simple Pendulum (not the formula)

Densities of Solids and Liquids

Pressure in Liquids and Gases, Transmission of Fluid Pressure, the Hydraulic Press

Atmospheric Pressure

Bicycle Pump, Force and Lift Pumps, the Syphon

Simple Ideas of Force Producing Movement and Acceleration

Elementary Treatment of Friction

Levers: Principle of Moments Common Balance

Velocity Ratio, Mechanical Advantage and Efficiency of Machines

Transformation and Conservation of Energy

Centre of Gravity Treated Experimentally

Mercury and Alcohol Thermometers, Celsius

Thermal Expansion of Solids, Liquids and Gasses (Effets and Applications of Expansion).

Change of State: Evaporation and Boiling

Boiling and Melting Points of Water and Other Substances & Influences of Pressure on Impurities

Humidity of Air

Heat as a Form of Energy

Conversion of Heat Into Work

Transfer of Energy by Conduction, Convection and Radiation

Effect of Nature of a Surface on the Energy Radiated and Absorbed by it (Treated Experimentally)

Rectilinear Propagation of Light, Shadows and Eclipse

Reflection of Light, Laws of Reflection

Formation of Images by Plane Mirrors

Refraction at a Plane Surface

Converging and Diverging Lenses: Real and Virtual Images

Focal Length of a Converging Lens: Linear Magnification

Character of the Image Produced by Lenses Determined by Graphical Methods.

Accommodation: Long Sight and Short Sight and Their Correction by Spectacles

Dispersion of White Light by a Prism: The Spectrum


Production of Sound by Vibrating Systems: Its Transmission in a Material Medium

Determination of the Velocity of Sound

Reflection of Sound

Frequency and its Relation to Pitch

Magnetic Properties of Iron and Steel

The Magnetic Field of the Earth: The Magnetic Compass

Simple Voltaic Cell


Current, the Coulomb, the Ampere

Potential Difference, Elector-Motive Force and the Volt

Electrical Energy, Power, the Watt, Kilowatt, and Kilowatt-Hour

Magnetic Effect of a Current

Behaviour of a Coil Carrying Current in a Magnetic Field

Voltmeters and Ammeters

Ohm's Law

Resistance in Series

The Heating Effect of a Current

The Wiring of Buildings, the Use of Switches and Fuses

Simple Examples on Chemical Effect of Current

Chemistry Section

Knowledge of Some Simple Experimental Techniques

Air and its Chief Gaseous Constituents

Proportion of Oxygen in the Air: Preparation and Collection of Oxygen in the Laboratory

Water as a Solvent for Gasses and Solids

Atmospheric Gasses Dissolved in Water: Their Biological Significance

Non-Aqueous Solvents

Characteristics of Acids, Bases and Salts

Different Forms of Carbon

Preparation, Properties and Uses of Carbon Dioxide

Carbon Monoxide: Preparation From Sodium Formate and its Properties

Combustion of Carbon-Containing Substances in Plentiful and Limited Supplies of Air

Quicklime, Slaked Lime and Limestone

Hard and Soft Water

Extraction of Sodium Chloride and Sodium Carbonate in East Africa

Preparation of Hydrochloric Acid from Sodium Chloride

Preparation and Properties of Nitric Acid

Sulphur: Its Extraction and Uses

Elements, Compounds and Mixtures: Laws of Conservation of Mass and Constant Composition

Atoms, Molecules, use of Symbols, Formulae and Chemical Equations

Methods of Preparing Salts

Electrical Conductivity of Solids, Molten Substances and Aqueous Solutions

Applications of Electrolysis

The Reactions of Magnesium, Zinc, Copper and Iron with Oxygen, Water and Dilute Hydrochloric Acid

Principles of Extraction of Iron and Copper

Biology Section

The General Elementary Structure and Physiology of a Mammal

  • Main Structural Features of a Mammal (Including General Arrangement of the Internal Organs)
  • General Plan of the Skeleton and its Functions
  • Alimentary Canal: Food Substances and Diet, Digestions (Including Functions of the Liver and Pancreas)
  • Main Features of the Circulatory System
  • Respiration: The Respiratory Organs and Mechanisms of Breathing
  • Excretion by Kidneys, Sweat Glands and Lungs
  • Structure and Function of the Skin
  • Regulation of Body Temperature and the Importance of the Maintenance of a Constant Body Temperature
  • A Simplified Account of the Brain and Spinal Cord
  • The Reproductive Organs and General Outline of the Development, Nutrition, Respiration and Birth of the Embryo


  • Outline of the Life History, Mode of Life and Economic Importance of the Butterfly, Moth, Mosquito, Housefly or Locust

Flowering Plants

  • Outlines of the External Morphology of a Simple Herbaceous Plant
  • Stem, Root and Leaf to be Treated with Reference to their Function and to Experiment in Plant Physiology
  • The Parts of a Flower and Their Functions
  • Fertilization and the Development of Fruits
  • Fruit and Seed Dispersal
  • The Structure and Germination of a Seed

Plant Physiology

  • Processes of Diffusion and Osmosis and Their Application in One Living Plant: The Importance of Turgor
  • The Rise of Water up the Xylem Vessels
  • The Process of Transpiration
  • Photosynthesis
  • Respiration
  • Conditions for Seed Germination and Further Conditions for Subsequent Healthy Growth of Seedling into Mature Plants
  • Soils, Their Constituents and Their Characteristics
  • The Nitrogen Cycle Including the Living Organisms Which Play a Part in it
  • Manuring and the Rotation of Crops