This open education resource is designed to be a collaborative textbook for teachers and students studying the origins of world war II.
|The focusing questions of this topic are:
(a) What attempts were made to establish a permanent peace after World War I?
The search for security after World War I
- the Treaty of Versailles, its intentions and the German reaction;
- attempts at collective security: the League of Nations, Locarno and Kellogg-Briand Pacts
(b) What challenges to peace occurred in the 1930s?
Fascism and aggression
- aggression by fascist powers: invasion of Abyssinia, reoccupation of the Rhineland, Spanish Civil War; military pacts: Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis, German-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact;
- Asia and the Pacific: Japanese objectives in Manchuria, China.
(c) Why did war break out?
The failure of appeasement in the face of aggression
- rationale of appeasement: Anschluss and Czechoslovakia;
- advantages of aggressors; preparation, mobility, strike power;
- war in Europe and the Pacific: Poland, Barbarossa, Pearl Harbour.