Practice:Vmensah/My practice Area
Evolution of societies Gerhard Lenski, a sociologist, differentiates societies based on their level of technology, communication and economy: (1) hunters and gatherers, (2) simple agricultural, (3) advanced agricultural, (4) industrial. This is somewhat similar to the system earlier developed by anthropologists Morton H. Fried, a conflict theorist, and Elman Service, an integration theorist, who have produced a system of classification for societies in all human cultures based on the evolution of social inequality and the role of the state. This system of classification contains four categories:
Civilizations, with complex social hierarchies and organized, institutional governments. Over time, some cultures have progressed toward more-complex forms of organization and control.
- This cultural evolution has a profound effect on patterns of community. *Hunter-gatherer tribes settled around seasonal foodstocks to become agrarian villages. Villages grew to become towns and cities. Cities turned into city-states and nation-states.
Characteristics of society
The following three components are common to all definitions of society:
Social networks Criteria for membership, and Characteristic patterns of organization Each of these will be explored further in the following sections.
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