User:Hila S/bagrut project/aushwiz-birkenau

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My topic is Auchwiz Birkenau- the concentration and extermination camp. I would tell like to discuss how fate was determined by the two lanes, "life" and daily routine at the camp, how people were murdered, and important places in the camp.

I choose this topic because the Holocaust has become a significant subject in my life. I went on a journey to Poland and it has changed me in many ways. As a result of this, I have learned a lot about the Holocaust. I want to expand my knowladge on the Holocaust and especially on Auschwitz Birkenau.

The findings

Auchwiz Birkenau: Auchwiz Birkenau- a concentration and extermination camp. It is the biggest concentration and labor camp compare to 2000 camps of the Nazis (1941-1944). The camp included different populations: Jewish, Polish, German and Gypsy. The process of entering the camp was quickly. When the "trains" stopped, the guards pushed coarsely the passengers out, who were been at the trains many days. The victims were demanded to leave all their personal belongings and to stand in two lines- men and women separately. Those lanes had to go quickly for the Nazis to make their selection. During the selection, there were many tears, screams, and especially painful separations between husbands and wives, mothers and children, family members, and friends. The situation was undescrible.

There were two lanes: "life" lane, which was designated for the healthy and strong people who were able to work in the camp. First, those people went to a place called: Saona- they were demanded to take off all their clothing. They were "washed" and all their hair was cut. Afterwards, the most difficult action (for many survivors) was engraving numbers on the left arm; one of the most humiliating and shocking action for human beings. The death lane: It was designated for children, old people, people with medical problems, and weak people. They were demanded to go to places that looked like a shower but actually they were gas chambers and afterwards to the crematoriums.

Most of the people were designated for the death lane. All the personal belongings were passed by the victims to a place called "Canada"- it was a symbol of wealth for the victims. And from there it was sent to Germany. In Auchwiz, Bbirkenau was a children pavilion and in front of this was the women pavilion. The location was mainly to hurt woman and children because they had losted their own children who were designated to the death lane. Every day women saw children and it was very painful.

People who were not there can't know how people felt in the concentration camp. The daily routine was to wake up at dawn, straighten the straw beds, journey to work, hard and forced physical labor for many hours, waiting in turn for "food", returning to "camp", inspection of the building blocks, and night formation.


I think that we all have to remember and to immortalize the Holocaust in order to these s of things will not happen in the future. We have to remind the Holocaust to whole the world. My journey to Poland is one of the most important and effective events that have happend in my life. It has changed me in different ways, which no one can undrestand until you will go to a journey to Poland. I felt things that I had never felt before. The feelings were very difficult and hard to explain. I think that I have grown up in some espects. And now I know for sure that the Houlocaust is the most important event that happend to the Jewish and we must do any thing to make sure that it would not happen in he future.


My research was very challenging and intresting for me. I have learned many new things about Auchwiz Birkenau which I had not knew before. For exampale- the specific daily basis of the Jewish and other prisoners in the camp. And also I added information which I have learned during my journey to Poland. I feel that it is important to remember and immortalize the Houlocaust and all that happend.

Bibliography "במשעולי פולין"- מאת "יד ושם" The book- Me