|Internet & Web Development ( Introduction | Advanced )|
|Overview||Personal Learning Environment | What is HTML? | Web authoring | Resources | Help Desk|
|Creating a basic web site||HTML editor | Basic tags | Head tag | Linking pages | Formating and lines | Lists | Tables | Special characters | Page icon|
|Multimedia||graphics and images | Connected media | Audio | Video | Image map|
|Cascading style sheets||Inline, embedded, linked | Language | Example|
|Web page layout||Tables | CSS | iFrame | Frames | Other | Responsive|
|Forms||Example | mailto | Add Google|
Frames are discouraged in web design as they are not well supported in many web browsers. iFrames (inline Frames) allow for inserting of other documents such as XML into the HTML.
- As navigation is in a different page, content pages can be smaller and download quicker
- Can be used to hide the URL to some extent
- Hidden frames can contain scripts or images that only need to be loaded once
- Can be easier to maintain as the links page is all that needs editing when links change
- Difficult for some search engines to navigate
- Book-marking can be a problem
- There are significant accessibility issues
- If a page does not load the layout can be spoilt
- Can use a lot of pages so care needed for page names
- One small error in the frameset can create havoc on the site
- Links need to be targeted or you can wind up with frames in frames
- It can be difficult to build a seamless page look
The two navigation maps (following) show how frames can be added to a no-frame based web site.
- the information pages are the same.
- visually menu.htm and fmenu.htm are the same. But there is a minor addition in fmenu page, to allow it to link to the correct window. If you have this in the no-frame version each page will pop-up in a new window!
No-frame version of Hawke's Bay Quick Tours
Frame version of Hawke's Bay Quick Tours
Expression Web Examples
File > New > Page (tab) | Frames Pages
This will give the initial layout as
When you save the html pages, Expression will indicate which page as:
- The left frame (fmenu.htm)
- The right frame is Not saved as it was already in existance and set as the initial page
- The Frames page is shown as a wrapper page for the other pages.
Once created the basic design is as follows: