CIS89A - 1. Getting Started

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Tim Berners-Lee talking at the World Wide Web Foundation press conference

Getting started

You are here because you want to learn HTML and create web pages. Welcome! All web pages are built using a few essential elements. Through practice assignments, reading and discussions, you will learn to develop entire web sites and control the appearance, formatting and contents of a site using these elements.


The key skills of web development are teamwork, attention to detail, debugging, project management, distributed version control, the agile process, accessibility and usability, user needs analysis, user testing, and much more. You will have an opportunity to practice all of these as well.



Learning outcomes

  • explore the HTML language formatting and element structures
  • use the basic HTML elements for a simple web page



Keywords

  • HTML, web, internet, element, tag, formatting, hypertext, markup language


Reading guide

  • What is the origin of the HTML structure?
  • Who is Tim Berners-Lee?
  • What is the World Wide Web Foundation?
  • Who controls the HTML standardization?
  • Why is standardization important?
  • Why does the HTML standard change? What is the process for making changes?



Assignments

Webmaking: More than just coding, webmaking is the act of creating, understanding, and promoting content on the Web

For each topic, there are a number of activities listed. These are all related to web development - as practice, examples of design, user interface, accessibility, development tools and industry knowledge. This a 3 unit course, so you should expect to spend 9-12 hours on course work each week. The activities can be completed throughout the week. Don't try to do all the work all at once just before the deadline. Spread the work out through the week.

Here are the assignment activities for this module.

  1. Read the Syllabus - CIS 89A Web Page Development. There is a lot of important information in the syllabus including participation expectations and due dates for assignments. Please confirm that you have read the entire Syllabus and agree with everything in the I Read the Syllabus assignment. If you have questions, you can ask here.

  2. Learn about the Canvas course management system and online education. Read Welcome to CIS89A that describes how to get started. This page describes how the class works in detail and answers many questions that you might have.
    Also review Canvas Student Guide and Discussion participation guide.
    Submit Online Orientation assignment.

  3. Introduce yourself to your classmates.
    Add a picture to your Canvas profile. Go to My profile setting, select Edit profile, and add a picture. This will show up as the little picture next to your discussion posts.

    Write an 'introduction in 140 characters or less' about yourself. For example, here is my introduction.
    Valerie Taylor - always learning something new, sharing something important and interesting
    There is more to the story than what you can say in 140 characters. Use the "Reply" link to ask questions about other introductions.

    Edit your Introduction, and add 2-3 sentences about your outside interests. Are you interested in art, music, computer games, travel, cooking? Do you have any pets? You can include a small picture. This is an opportunity to meet classmates with similar interests.
    Write 2-3 sentences describing why you are taking this course and what you hope to learn in the class. Is this "for fun" or do you need to take this class for work or school? Are you enrolled in other DeAnza classes this quarter? Have you taken other distance learning classes? Could you physically get to DeAnza campus in Cupertino? If not, why not - travel, physical limitations, transportation, child care, scheduling? Are you planning to travel during the quarter and keep up with the class remotely? Where will you be?

    Your responses to this and all other assignments will be graded for college-level writing. Spelling and grammar errors will result in deductions. Late submissions are accepted for partial credit. You can get an extension and full credit if requested prior to the due date. For full credit, complete and thoughtful replies must demonstrate original thinking and personal experience.

  4. Digital literacies - With technology becoming ever more prevalent in today's world and Apps being designed to meet specific needs, it is becoming increasingly important to identify these technologies and recognize how they may be of benefit to you now and when you graduate. Complete this quick 30 question quiz to reveal a personalized profile spanning six different genres, which suggests ways you can improve how you use technology within your studies. These could have further reaching applications for when you graduate and apply for jobs. Digital Literacies Quiz

  5. Review the Keywords and Reading guide at the top of this page. These will help you look for important ideas in the rest of assignments for this module.

  6. Read the Introduction and Chapter 1. Getting Started in the textbook.
    HTML A Beginner's Guide, Fifth Edition. Wendy Willard.

  7. View Page Source - Several "simple" web pages are listed in the selected Media section. These are examples of pages that use only basic HTML and are similar to what you can expect to make in the next couple of weeks. View the source.
    Using Firefox to view the "source" - the HTML for the page - From the top menu Tools > Web Developer > Page Source. Or right-click and select View Page Source. When you activate the Page source option, all the behind-the-scenes HTML is displayed.
    Look at the same page source using Mozilla Goggles. Same source, two different viewing tools.
    Look through the HTML coding and see if you can determine how the HTML tags are being used.
    Cascading Style Sheet .css file - also look for links to the external stylesheet file. <link rel="stylesheet" href="style.css"> This statement should be in the <head> section of the HTML source. Follow the link and look at the source code for this file too. This is a shared description for the display of any pages that link to this .css file.

  8. Real web pages - Find a web page with a nice layout and functionality. In the Learn from the Pros discussion, post a link to a web page that you like and give a brief description of the elements of the page.
    Review the pages suggested by 3 other students. What did you think about the pages they selected? Do you have any questions about their selection and summary? Think critically about site design and how these sites are constructed.

    NOTE: Review means just that - read the description, follow the link and look around - that is a "review" for the purposes of this course. If you have a question or something to add to the discussion, you can reply to the post. Otherwise a reply is NOT necessary. The discussion is a handy way to share links to interesting sites. The objective is to visit many different examples of web sites, web-based applications, online tools and current technologies.

  9. CSS Demonstration - CSS Zen Garden {Verde Moderna} shows the power of CSS (Cascading Style Sheets). CSS allows complete and total control over the style of a hypertext document. The only way this can be illustrated in a way that gets people excited is by demonstrating what it can truly be. See for yourself. The content on all these "sites" is the same. Only the CSS file is different. Check it out!
    View some of the existing designs - Centerfold, Mid Century Modern, Steel or select from the list on the page.
    Clicking the link loads the style sheet into this page. The HTML remains the same, the only thing that has changed is the external CSS file. more... css archive. Do you get it? Are you impressed? Post a brief comment about your experience in the CSS Experience discussion.

  10. Thimble HTML Editor - Assignments can be completed using Mozilla Thimble - an online HTML Editor, so you don't have to have a separate application installed on your computer.
    Learn the basics with this introduction tutorial. Watch the Welcome Mozilla Thimble video to learn more about the tools. Explore the site.
    Create a Thimble account. To submit assignments, provide sharing link to your Mozilla Thimble page display.

  11. Remix the Thimble My Six-Word Summer sample project. Thimble starts you off with the main .html file named index.html which is the content - usually text, images, media. Change the text on the index.html page. Keep this simple for now. Change the page name by typing over the name in the top left title.
    Then Publish your work. Thimble will display a dialog box where you can provide information about the page you created. Add a description and save the file. Then follow the link so you can see the actual page web address for "sharing".

    You have done it. You have created a web page!

  12. Style - style.css - Thimble automatically sets up an external Cascading Stylesheet style.css file for you in your project - listed in project files list on left. This is where the style descriptions go. Although there are other places to define styling, using this external styleheet is an important part of the CIS89A Web Development course.
    Select the style.css file and try out different values for the #banner properties - background-color, font-family, width, padding, margin-top. Thimble provides help as you start to change the options.
    Switch between mobile and desktop views - little icons at the top of the right display panel.
    Look at the code in your project index.html for the link to this style.css file. This is the connection that browsers will use to determine how to display your web pages.
  13. Share you Mozilla Thimble page - Copy the web address of your display page and post it along with a short summary (2-3 sentences) about your "test drive" experience to the Mozilla Thimble discussion.
    If you have questions about Thimble, please ask.
    Here is my "remix" of My Six-Word Summer which I changed to My 140 Character Introduction https://thimbleprojects.org/vtaylor/447714

  14. Browser check - Everything for CIS89A happens on the web. Not only do we publish on the web, but many of the tools we use exist as web applications rather than installed programs on our computers. Because of this, it is critical that you run up-to-date web browsers when working with Mozilla Thimble tools. These resources are designed to support the latest versions of modern browsers like Mozilla Firefox or Google Chrome. Also, the Canvas software is designed to run with Firefox.
    Check out your browser with the Computer Readiness Test. The Computer Readiness Test will test your current browser for plugins and versions to help you better navigate our Canvas site. To begin, hit the "Start" button below, once complete, the test will output the results.
    If necessary, download and install a browser that works well with Mozilla Thimble.
  15. Complete the survey I am here.... This will help determine how quickly we move through the course and how many related topics to explore along the way. This is an introductory course, so we will start at the very beginning and work up to more complex web page development. There are more challenging assignments for students who already know how to build basic web pages and want to learn more advanced techniques and technologies.

  16. Week 1 in review - The first week of any class is pretty chaotic, so this a chance for you to stop for a few minutes and think about the CIS89A Web Page Development course. What was one pleasant surprise? What is one question that didn't get answered? In 1-2 sentences, answer these 2 questions about your CIS89A 1. Getting Started experience. Submit your comments and questions as the Week 1 in review assignment. Be sure to click the "Submit" link as well - this puts your answer in the "ready for grading" status.


NOTE: If you already have experience using HTML and want to work ahead, please do. All the assignments are open throughout the course. If you have questions about more advanced topics and assignments, please ask.


Critical Friend - Something to think about ... Many of the activities include research and accessing existing web sites. Every site you visit for any course activity is an opportunity for you to practice your web site review and evaluation skills. In addition to the explicit activity requirements, take a few minutes to critically examine the site you are viewing. What is the overall effectiveness of the site? What were the important elements of the user experience? Navigation? Content information presentation? Design - fonts, color, use of white space? If there are features that you like but don't know how to produce, spend some time reviewing the page source as well. If you were the site devloper's critical friend, what would be your feedback?


Icon multimedia.gif

Media


Mozilla Thimble - an online HTML Editor


The course follows the textbook - HTML A Beginner's Guide, Fifth Edition. Wendy Willard.

In each module, there is a reference to the textbook chapters as well as the online tutorial and optional reference guide. So you will see all three listed in the Media section.

  • Textbook (Wendy Willard) - HTML A Beginner's Guide, Fifth Edition. Wendy Willard, 2013. ISBN 978-0-07-180927-6

Note: The course follows the Fifth Edition of HTML - A Beginner's Guide by Wendy Willard. There are significant changes and additions to this version from the Fourth Edition. You can check your book against the Fifth Edition Table of Contents.

Starting with Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) is a big change from how HTML has been taught. The Fifth Edition of HTML - A Beginner's Guide by Wendy Willard does a really nice job of making this shift.

Most other HTML resources and tutorial add CSS as an advanced topic rather than including them as a basic component of any web development project. You can certainly use these other resources. Just be aware that there will be differences between them and this course and the Willard Fifth Edition.

  • Optional (Visual Quickstart) - HTML and CSS: Visual Quickstart Guide, Eighth Edition. Elizabeth Castro, Bruce Hyslop, 2014. ISBN 978-0-321-92883-2


For the Getting Started module - here are the main references


Browsers

  • Guide to Web Browsers - Web browsers directly impact our user experience on the web, and often we’ll blame a web site for problems without realizing the issues may actually be caused by our browser. Browser add-ons and extensions can cause problems even if the browser is working fine.


Web Literacy, background, searching

  • Web Literacy Map - nice overview of all aspects of the web, understanding the structure, important issues like security and privacy and the skills necessary to be an informed users and contributor.
  • Web Literacy Learning Pathways - HTML, CSS and JavaScript skills to create this interactive map using Mozilla Thimble. Click on links in any box to highlight the prerequisite knowledge and what this is a prereq for. You have to try it yourself as it is hard to explain. The idea is that there is a learning pathway through the entire structure.
  • Webopedia - IP address - Internet Protocol (IP) address, URL - Abbreviation of Uniform Resource Locator (URL) it is the global address of documents and other resources on the World Wide Web.
  • Search Operators - Narrow down your search results by adding symbols and words to your search called search operators.
  • How to Become a Search Ninja: Harnessing the True Power of Google - boost your search skills. If the results are in Google's index, they can be found.


HTML / CSS tutorials, reference

  • Code Academy - HTML, CSS - interactive tutorial that covers all the basics
  • Create a Simple Web Page with HTML - covers creating web pages from the very start
  • What Beautiful HTML Code Looks Like - looks at each line of HTML code on the sample web page, and describes the good points
  • HTML5 Test - text your browser's HTML5 support
  • Web Development - course introduces the design and development of web-based applications - the basic fundamentals of the Internet and Web protocols, the different architectures that Web-related applications use, and the programming languages that enable the development of Web applications. also matters of security and reliability in the development of web applications via the use of transport encryption and authentication.
  • Computers and IT courses - free courses, including web development


BASICS

Web Development Process
Pinterest board - Web Development Process - inforgraphics documents templates, tutorials, planning, design guides, user experience, step-by-step guide, lifecycle
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