The Anatomy and Physiology of Animals/The Cell Worksheet

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1. The cell is divided into 3 main parts. These are:

i.
ii.
iii.

2. Two principal molecules make up the plasma membrane. These are:

i.
ii.

3. The Cytoplasm is: (Choose the correct option)

The fluid within the nucleus
The fluid around the nucleus plus the organelles
The fluid around the nucleus minus the organelles
The fluid surrounding the cell

4. The cytosol contains: (Circle the correct options)

water
proteins
salts
enzymes
fats
sodium ions
iron ions
amino acids
the plasma membrane
glucose
starch
DNA
oxygen
carbon dioxide
hydrogen

5. Label the parts of the cell in the diagram below.

Use the labels: Nucleus, Plasma membrane, Cytosol, Nuclear membrane, Ribosomes, Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum, Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum, Golgi body, Mitochondrion, Lysosome, Centrioles, Nucleolus

Image:Unlabelled animal cell for cell worksheet with ribosomes.JPG

6. a. What is this organelle called?

b. What does it do in the cell?

Image:Golgi body unlabelled.JPG

7. a. What is this organelle called?

b. What is its function in the cell?

Image:Mitochondrion unlabelled.JPG

8. Match the structure with its function in the table below.

Structure Function
A. Plasma membrane a. Producing energy
B. Golgi body b. Making proteins from amino acids
C. Lysosome c. Controlling what enters and leaves the cell
D. Nucleus d. Modifying, enclosing and dispatching proteins
E. Cytoplasm e. Breaking down and recycling bacteria and worn out organelles
F. Centrioles f. Making, storing and transporting proteins
G. Smooth endoplasmic reticulum (SER) g. Surrounding the nucleus
H. Rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER) h. Organising the spindle in cell division
I. Ribosomes i. Controlling the activities in the cell
J. Mitochondrion k. Making and transporting fats

9. True or false?

a. The cytosol consists mainly of water. T / F
b. Ribosomes are found attached to the membrane of smooth endoplasmic reticulum (SER). T / F
c. The cytoplasm consists of the cytosol plus organelles and cell inclusions. T / F
d. Cellular respiration takes place in the Golgi bodies. T / F
e. The chromosomes in the nucleus consist mainly of RNA. T / F
f. The nuclear membrane consists of two layers like the plasma membrane. T / F
g. Proteins made in the RER move to the centrioles for processing. T / F
h. Lysosomes contain enzymes. T / F
i. Glycogen and fat droplets are often found in the cytosol. T / F
j. Ribosomes join fatty acids together to make lipids. T / F

Cell Worksheet Answers

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