Teaching Adults Workshop1a/Adult Learning
This page is simply a taster into some of the models of adult learning for those who want more information.
Four Orientations to Learning
There are four traditional categories of learning theories described by Merriam and Cafella (1991), later adapted by Smith (1999). As with any categorisation there is often debate over the boundaries and areas of overlap but generally these categories are a useful guide.
- The behaviourist orientation
- The cognitivist orientation
- The humanist orientation
- The social and situational orientation
Find out more about what each of the Four Orientations to Learning involve.
A chance to Explore
|Deep and Surface Learning|
Encouraging deep learning creates a more significant learning experience for adults. Deep learning considers the connections and meaning in the learning where as surface learning focuses more on recalling specific data.
This page includes definitions of constructivism, and provides some background information and links.
|Kolb’s Learning Cycle|
Kolb’s Learning Cycle reflects an experiential way of learning identifying 4 main aspects of learning
|Honey and Mumford’s Learning Cycle|
Honey and Mumford’s Learning Cycle builds on Kolb's cycle and identifies 4 learning preferences or styles