OER for a Post Graduate Programme in HRM
Module 1 :
Principles of Management
Module Content Map
Topic 2 : Management Theories
The Management Science School
During World War II the United Kingdom was faced with many complex problems. Operational research teams composed of mathematicians, physicists & other scientists were set up. These teams pooled their knowledge to solve problems. After the war these ideas were applied to industrial problems which could not be solved by conventional means. With the development of the electronic computer, these procedures became formalized into a ‘management science’ school.
The ‘Management science’ school, by its use of computers and quantitative analysis, has made it possible to consider the effect of a number of variables in an organization which may otherwise have been overlooked.
This approach to management uses precise quantitative techniques like: