1.4 SOURCES USED IN THE STUDY OF HISTORY
In the study of History, Historians use mainly two types of sources. They are:
- Primary Sources - Mainly objects and records of the past.
Primary sources can than be further divided into two kinds. They include:
- Non-Literary sources which are mainly objects
- Non-literary primary sources are many types which give us different information about events and behaviours of past life. They tell us about:
- Size of people
- Size of brain
- Food habits
- Diseases and medicines
- Burial customs
- Age death, reasons for death
- Daily life
- Level of technology
- Changes in society
- Religious and other beliefs
- Social life
- Literary sources which are mainly written records.
- Secondary Sources. - Comments made by Historians about the past.
Some examples are given below.
There are also many literary primary sources and they also provide us with information’s of various kinds.
Some involve words and pictures such as coins. However always remember that when there are only words with no picture it is called a document E.g.: A Letter
Below are examples of literary primary sources
A literary source tells us about:
what people did,
how they did it, why they did it,
how they thought felt and believed.
Secondary sources explain
what, where and when things happened,
why they happened
how they happened, what the results were
And how people felt.