Lesson 4: Drug Nomenclature/Naming of Drugs, Rules for Drug Administration

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Contents

Introduction

Drugs are classifies into convenient groups for the sake of conformity, standardization, esoteric values of manufactures, research and replication and quality asurance. There are basically three classes of drugs which is recognized by drug companies and regulatory bodies.



Objectives

At the end of the lesson the learners will;
  1. Discuss the accepted approach to drug classification
  2. Distinguish between the various drug names of; chemical, generic and tradename
  3. Identify why the generic names are prefered over the chemical and trade names of drugs
  4. Discuss the rules of drug administration as a component of safe effective nursing care.
  5. Explain the steps that the nurse should take to ensure drug complaince
  6. Discribe the role and responsibilities of the nurse in drug administration.
  7. Explain the steps to take in ensuring wholesomeness of drugs.


Lesson Content

Drug Nomenclature/Naming of Drugs

This is the system that puts drugs into classification and the three name classifications of drugs are the Chemical/Molecular/Scientific name, the Generic or Non-Proprietary name, and the Brand or Trade or Proprietary name.

Chemical names; convenient components for laboratory inventions and replication; assures quality, Image provided by courtesy of commons-commons.wikimedia.org



Two major methods of dispensing drugs

Drugs are mainly available by prescription or as over the counter (OTC) medication and the same methods two major methods are used for dispensing the drugs There are advantages and disadvantages to both methods of dispensing. The methods are explained thus;

  1. Over-The-Counter (OTC): They do not need prescription and can be purchased at the chemical shops; examples are pain relievers, blood tonics, vitamin preparations, ORS, antacids, Antimalarials etc.
  2. Prescription: They need a prescription and must be controlled from abuse and dependence; e.g. antibiotics, anti-hypertensives, sedatives, diabetic drugs etc.


Rules For Drug Administration

  1. Read the drug prescription and be sure the medicine goes to right patient
  2. Check drug for accuracy with the label especially where the drug in not in original container
  3. Drug strength should correspond to the stated dosage e.g. Chloroquine may be 150mg or 200mg, Ampicillin 250mg and 500mg so client be should given according to strength which reflects the dosage and not quantity.
  4. Look at the expiry date, color, consistency of drug and make sure it is wholesome. Discard when drug is discolored, tablets are brittle, soft, cracked or powders and granules are caked.
  5. Use special handling if required
  6. Give information on user, quantity to be taken, how often, duration, precautions and special instructions if necessary
  7. Keep accurate record of drugs given, dosage, routes of administration and the data on patient.
  8. Promote compliance

Conclusion

The three class names of drugs are largely employed in the manufacture, prescription and trading activities of medicines. Though we have a large array of drugs for our use it is not always that the individual acquires the drug over the counter. Sometimes you may need to rely on the appropriate prescriber. Drugs are useful under many conditions of living organisms and nurses as members of the medical team have well spelt out responsibilities in follwing laid down rules and regulations.



Summary

This lesson took us through the three drug class names which are recognized and accepted by the prescribers, manufacturers, enterpreneurs, researchers, legal and regulation bodies. We also had a clear insight into the steps that nurses must take in ensuring wholesome drugs going to the right patients, in correct doses, with the right documentation and adequate information to patient. This will maximize the benefits minimize the harmful effects and promote compliance.




Assignment

  1. Differentiate between the three recognized class names of drugs
  2. List 10 drugs that can be obtained OTC and 10 that must be obtained with the physicians prescription order.
  3. Briefly discuss how you will present drugs to patients to ensure compliance.




Reading

Review Previous lesson and read on Terminologies for Drug Order and administration.


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