Lesson 4: Community Study

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Communities are unique in nature, it is therefore very important that after health workers gain access they study and adopt various strategies in dealing with various communities.


The objective of this coarse is to facilitate to stakeholders how to improve quality of work on distant learning mode online.


This is the study or survey carried out on a community to gather data about the people the community health nurse is going to work with.

these include children under 5 years. Pregnant and lactating women Those with serious, chronic illnesses such as TB, leprosy and AIDS The physically and mentally disabled, the elderly Any group, family or individual who is socially out cast or very poor.


health workers provided courtesy of FLICKr.www flick.com


Template:Draw Map of the area


To work effectively in a community it is important to find our about the history of the community, how it came into existence and the extent of development and growth.

  1. This will help the community to know the background of the people
  2. It helps her to plan ahead so that she is not over taken by events
  3. It will also help to know if they are nay conflicts in the community, the various sections (factors) so that she can relate tactfully with the people.

The community should know the name of the community, where it is situated, its neighbouring communities or surrounding as well as the boundaries. Number of houses .she should also know if there are rivers, mountains and valleys, where they take their source of water. This will enable the community health nursing to know those in the community. It will help her to schedule her work effectively to cover the entire community. It will help her to know her demarcate and catchments area.

Find out the number of market in the community and their condition . find out whether the markets are clean or unclean and also the item being sold. Whether they are sold in the sun or under shades. Find out whether it is accessible to do community members or not . do they have to travel long distance. Find out about the condition of drinking and doping bars.

Culture is a way of life of a group of people. They are influenced by an acceptable way of living. this is governed by norms, taboos and beliefs which may affect the propel attitudes towards health. eg causes of disease may be attributed to gods. It is therefore important for the community health nurse to study the culture so that she can commend on the good ones and tactfully discourage the harmful ones.

Find out the type of religious groups the number or churches . Find out about their traditional beliefs, traditional doctors, priest priestess etc. This will help the nurse in her counselling e.g. some beliefs prevent them from eating certain foods.It will also help her to reach out to all

Find out the normal daily routine of the people their working pattern, their leisure times farming or fishing days, market days etc. find out the head of the family, the type of family and the size of family. Find out about their responsibilities e.g. head knowing heir free times will help your to plan your activities e.g. communal labour.

Find out who are the traditional leaders, political leaders, influential people or opinion leaders etc. The community health nurse should contact the above groups for information.(because thy know). They can also help the community to carry out her word e.g. establish clinics, communal labour.

The community health nurse should find out est. following facilities and amenities. Numbers of schools, churches, shops, markets, cultural group etc. the chiefs palace and how it is opened to visitors and when. The number of police stations, banks, post office how these facilities serve the people, how the community patronage.

It is important to know the means of transpose in the community, the type of vehicles available and their condition. Know the condition of roads and whether they are accessible, passable throughout the year. Find about other transport like railway, river transport. Find out if there are radios, televisions, telephone or express service and how they sand their message. Find out the language commonly spoken in the community. These will help the community health nurse know how to get to the people and mode of communicate.

Find out about exiting hospital (government private ) maternity homes, spiritualist, herbalist, TBA. Druggists and health personnel in the community.These will help her know the standard of health care that the people receive. She will have to supervise the TBA, herbalist.

She must identify the main health problems as states by the people and also as states by the health facility. She must find out their needs, what they think causes disease and the common disease in the community.

Find out the interest of the community regarding to education which will reflect on the level of education.Find out the number of schools and colleges their attitude found learning. The higher the level of education the easier it will become for the community health nurse to carry out her health educational programmes.

Find out the type of food eaten in the community. This will help the community health nurse in her nutritional counselling. Find out whether the food are form this local market, garden farm etc. Find out if the children are neat fed and the duration. Find out about the method of cooking in relation to find nutrients destruction Find out about alcohol consumption.

Data should be collected on the number of voluntary groups like the Red Cross, Women Groups, Church Groups, Youth Groups, 31st December women etc. Find out about government department that can be of assistance to health service e.g. Agriculture Extension Officer, Community Development, Social Welfare etc.

Data should be collected on developmental projects and the effect they have in the lives of the people; Find out about planned projects whether it will be beneficial to the community Find out about standing problem that data or hinder development. At the end of the community study report is written a map is drawn and kept in a file. Can be used for reference purposes can be uses for continuity of care. Recommendation to the immediate supervision for action.


Studying the way of life of community members,tactfully discouraging them on harmful cultural practices and encouraging them on healthy ones create a good working atmostphere.

health workers provided courtesy of FLICKr.www flick.com

Reading Assignment

Read on Community Needs Assessment


Conduct a survey of your community and explain every explain the importance for the data collected.



Jaquansah 18:32, 1 March 2007 (CET)

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