Lesson 3: Community Entry

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Contents

INTRODUCTION

Entering the community is an important task the community health nurse does to acquaint him/herself to his/her area of work.

LEARNING OUT COMES/SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson the student should be able to:

LESSON CONTENT

DEFINITION OF COMMUNITY ENTRY:


commnity health nurses sa a major task enter the communityImage provided courtesy ofFLICKr.wwwflick.com


  1. read about the community (read annual report from the DHMT, District Assembly or from our serious *or special report, disease durance report, news papers health journals)
  2. collect informal information about the community (this is done through interview with individuals, through focus groups discussion, through mapping, contact opinion leaders, through house to house census)
  3. transect walk and observation.

CRITICAL ACTIONS IN COMMUNITY ENTRY

It is very important to recognise the position and roles of the community leaders in order that they will help the community health officer to develop ways in seeking their co-operation and support for programme Implementation. In meeting with chiefs and their stool/skin elders, it is important to schedule meeting, times to suit the convenience of the traditional leaders.Follow protocol;

Image:Chiefs.png

PROCESS

NB The community health officer can get ideas on contact persons/groups in the community whose support would facilitate your work.

Apart from the chiefs and elders, there are various interest groups and personalities in every community who must be identified to serve as contact persons in working with the community.

Various interest groups and personalities in the community who can serve as contact persons are:

ADVANTAGES USING CONTACT PERSONS

DISADVANTAGES

TYPES

CHN TASKS

CHALLENGES WITH CONTCT PERSONS

WOMEN AS SPECIAL RESOURCE

As care takers in the family, women are key players in the promotion of primary Health Care in communities.Women are more familiar with child health problems

CONDUCT MEETING WITH COMMUNITY LEADERS

In traditional Ghana, leadership lies in the hands of a hierarchy of persons ranging from paramount chiefs through town/village chiefs, clan/lineage heads to family heads. At each of these levels of leadership, communities have their own schedules and plans of carrying out development activities. There is therefore the need to recognize the position and roles of the community leaders in order that the most suitable ways could be developed in seeking their co-operation and support for program implementation.

SOURCES OF INFORMATION

Apart from using community leaders and contact persons through the application of (PLA) Participatory Learning and Action techniques to collect data in community entry, secondary information could be collected from documentary sources. These include: Annual reports of DHMT, District Assembly, Dept. of Community Development, Dept of Environmental Health; Special project reports such as Nutrition, Family Planning etc

SKILLS AND ATTITUDES REQUIRED OF HEALTH WORKERS IN UNDERTAKING COMMUNITY ENTRY

ADVANTAGES OF COMMUNITY ENTRY


Summary

Creating and sustaining a healthy working relationship is very crucialfor the community health to achieve set targets.




Assignment

Each group to carry out community entry, report to ready for discussion in two weeks



TESTS AND QUIZZES

REFERENCES:

Jaquansah 18:25, 1 March 2007 (CET)

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