|Teaching Learning Methodology
- Busy professionals require brief, technology driven education formats to allow learning access without time constraints. Hence the choice to use the online module format with rapid feedback via the WikiEducator.
Teaching Learning Theory
- Two teaching/learning theories served to guide this course:
- The Health Belief Model (HBM)
- Social Learning Theory posited by Albert Bandura
- Rationale: The HBM is a validated model with a history of predicting the success of adherence to health behaviors. Social Learning Theory (SLT) has also been very successful in behavior modification and educational programs.
The Health Belief Model:
- Stresses the importance of the individual's belief in the value of health and his/her eagerness to participate programs and processes to ensure it. Interactions among individual perceptions, modifying factors and the likelihood of actions allows the prediction of health behavior along a continuum.
- Individual Perceptions: Perceived severity of an illness or behavior, perceived susceptibility and perceived threat of the illness.
- Modifying Factors: Variables such as age, peer pressure, knowledge/previous contact will the illness.
- Likelihood of Action: Perceived benefit of the health behavior (vaccination) less the perceived barriers (misinformation).
- Cues to Action: Influences the individual's perception of threat along with modifying factors; cues can include media, advice, illness of close friends/relatives and prompts from physicians/nurses.
- All influence the individual's acceptance of the health behavior.
Social Learning Theory:
- Stresses that most learning occurs in the observance of others' actions; self efficacy largely influences one's adoption of health behaviors and role models are an integral part of motivation.
- High self efficacy will result in the choice of positive, healthy behaviors; where as low self efficacy results in negative, detrimental behaviors.
- There is a stronger likelihood of adopting behavior if the role model is similar and admired, if the outcome is valued and if the behavior is useful.
- Vicarious reinforcement increases motivation.