Former British Empire

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The natures of the administration of the Empire changed both by time and place, but its various territories as they existed in the 1920s (the time of its greatest territorial extent) can be fairly easily grouped into the following categories:

  • The United Kingdom itself, made up of England and Wales, Scotland, and Ireland (Northern Ireland only from 1922 onwards).
  • The "crown dependencies" of the Isle of Man, Jersey, and Guernsey (the last two are collectively referred to as the "Channel Islands"). These islands, while often considered to be part of the British Isles, have never formed part of the United Kingdom itself, or its predecessor states. At the same time, they have never been considered to be colonies; while the British Government is generally responsible for their defence and foreign relations, each of the territories has its own laws and political institutions. Strictly speaking their relationship is with the British Sovereign alone, rather than the British Government.
  • Colonies were territories that were intended to be a place of permanent settlement, providing land for their settlers. The Crown claimed absolute sovereignty over them, although they were not formally part of the United Kingdom itself. Generally their law was the common law of England together with whatever British Acts of Parliament were also applied to them. Royal authority would usually be represented in the person of a Governor, appointed by the British Government. Over time, a number of colonies were granted "responsible government", making them largely self-governing. Colonies were typically of one of the following types:
    • A number of colonies in the 16th and 17th centuries were granted to a particular individual; these are known as proprietary colonies.
    • In a similar fashion, a number of colonies were controlled by companies. The most notable examples of this were the possessions of the East India Company (especially India), and of various companies in Africa in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
    • Colonies controlled by the Crown directly were known as "crown colonies"; this became the main method of creating and governing a colony.
  • Protected states were foreign territories that were nominally governed by a local ruler who had entered into a treaty relationship with the British Government that excluded them from dealing directly with other foreign powers, and which gave the British a right of involvement in their territory's internal affairs. British interest in these territories was mainly strategic.
  • Protectorates were similar to protected states in that they were considered to be foreign territories over which the British Government had political authority (but not sovereignty), but which lacked a local infrastructure that the British were prepared to deal with as equals; therefore, a more direct involvement in the territory's internal affairs was taken. Protectorates were often established as a means of controlling British subjects in a territory (rather than the native population), or to exclude the influence of a rival European power.

In the early part of the twentieth century a further category had also begun to emerge: the dominions. These were former colonies (or federations of colonies) that had achieved independence and were starting to feel as co-equals with the United Kingdom, rather than subordinate to it. Formal acknowledgement of this status was finally given legal force by the Statute of Westminster of 1931.

Finally, the peace treaties signed at the end of the First World War resulted in a number of German colonies and protectorates being held as "mandated territories" by the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, and the Union of South Africa, (amongst others). In theory these territories were governed on behalf of the League of Nations for the benefit of their inhabitants. Most became converted to United Nations Trust Territories in 1946.

Contents

Remaining territories

Within twenty years of the independence in 1947 of India (considered to be the most important colonial possession), most of the Empire's territories had achieved full independence. Today only a handful of colonies (since 2002 known as "British Overseas Territories") remain under British rule; most are small islands with a low level of population. A number are in quite remote areas of the world. Generally speaking all are internally self-governing, with the United Kingdom retaining responsibility for defence and foreign relations.

The fourteen BOTs are:

The term "British Empire" is no longer used to describe these territories.


Africa

Name of territory Dates Status Comments
Anglo-Egyptian Sudan - see under "Sudan"
Basutoland 1868-1871 protectorate
1871-1884 annexed to Cape Colony
1884-1965 colony
1965-1966 self-governing colony
1966 independent as Lesotho
Bechuanaland
(see also under "British Bechuanaland")
1884-1964 protectorate
1964-1965 colony
1965-1966 self-governing colony
1966 independent as Botswana
Bight of Benin 1852-1861 protectorate
1861 united with Bight of Biafra
Bight of Biafra 1849-1861 protectorate
1861 united with Bight of Benin
Bights of Biafra and Benin 1861-1891 protectorate
Brass-Bonny-Opobo-Aobh-Old Calabar 1885-1891 protectorate
British Bechuanaland
(see also under "Bechuanaland")
1885-1895 crown colony
1895 incorporated into Cape Colony Now a part of the Northern Cape and North West provinces of South Africa
British Cameroons 1916-1919 occupation
1919-1946 League of Nations mandated territory
1946-1961 United Nations trust territory
1961 northern part merged into Nigeria, southern part merged into the Republic of Cameroon
British Central Africa - see under "Nyasaland"
British East Africa 1888-1895 territory leased to the Imperial British East Africa Company by the Sultan of Zanzibar
1895-1920 protectorate
1920 split into the colony of Kenya and the protectorate of Kenya
British Somaliland 1884-1960 protectorate forcibly merged with Somalia then became independent in 1991 as Somaliland (unrecognized)
Cape Colony 1910 became a province of the Union of South Africa as the "Cape of Good Hope"
Cyrenaica 1942-1946 administration
1946-1951 UN trusteeship under Britain now part of Libya
Egypt 1801-1803 occupation
1882-1914 occupation
1914-1922 protectorate
1922 independent
- Suez Canal Zone 1882-1956 controlled restored to Egyptian control
1956 occupation restored to Egyptian control
Gambia 1816-1965 crown colony
1965 independent
Gold Coast 1874-1957 colony
1957 independent as Ghana
Kenya, Colony of 1920-1963 colony Previously part of British East Africa
1963 independent
Kenya, Protectorate of 1920-1963 protectorate Previously part of British East Africa
1963 merged with the colony of Kenya at independence
Lagos Protectorate 1887-1906 protectorate, governed from the Colony of Lagos
1906 incorporated into the Protectorate of Southern Nigeria
Natal 1856-1910 colony
1910 became a province of the Union of South Africa Now part of the province of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Niger Districts 1885-1899 protectorate under the Royal Niger Company
1900 became part of Northern Nigeria
Niger River Delta 1886-1899 protectorate under the Royal Niger Company
1900 became part of Northern Nigeria
Nigeria, Protectorate of 1914-1954 protectorate governed by the Colony of Nigeria Previously known as the Protectorate of Southern Nigeria
1954 merged with the Colony of Nigeria to form the Federation of Nigeria
Nigeria, Colony of
known as the Colony of Southern Nigeria to 1913
1906-1954 colony Previously known as the Colony of Lagos
1954 merged with the Protectorate of Nigeria to form the Federation of Nigeria
Nigeria, Federation of 1954-1960 autonomous federation formed from the Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria
1960 independent
Northern Nigeria 1900-1913 protectorate governed by the Colony of Southern Nigeria
1914 merged with Protectorate of Southern Nigeria to form the Protectorate of Nigeria
Nyasaland
known as the Nyassaland Districts until 1893, and then British Central Africa until 1907
1891-1964 protectorate
1964 independent as Malawi
Orange River Colony 1900-1910 colony
1907 granted responsible government
1910 became a province of the Union of South Africa as the "Orange Free State"
Rhodesia now divided between Zambia and Zimbabwe
- Matabeleland 1888-1894 protectorate under British South Africa Company
1894 united with Mashonaland as South Zambesia in 1894
- Mashonaland 1889-1894 protectorate under BSAC
1894 united with Matabeleland as South Zambesia in 1894
- South Zambesia 1894-1895 protectorate under BSAC
1895 united with North Zambesia as Rhodesia
- Rhodesia 1895-1901 protectorate under BSAC
1901 Mashonaland and Matabeleland united as Southern Rhodesia
- Southern Rhodesia 1901-1923 protectorate under BSAC
1923-1953 self-governing colony
1953-1963 part of Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland
Rhodesia 1964-1965 crown colony
1965-1970 unilaterally declared independent, with Queen Elizabeth II as head of state not internationally recognised
1970-1979 republic not internationally recognised
-Zimbabwe-Rhodesia 1979 interim state
1979-1980 colony
1980 independent as Zimbabwe
Sierra Leone 1961 independent
South Africa 1910 dominion formed by the federation of the Cape, Orange River, Natal, and Transvaal colonies
Southern Nigeria, Protectorate of
known as the Oil Rivers Protectorate until 1893, then Niger Coast Protectorate until 1900
1891-1913 protectorate
1914 merged with Northern Nigeria to form the Protectorate of Nigeria
Sudan
("Anglo-Egyptian Sudan")
1899-1952 condominium (joint-rule) with Egypt
1952-1956 self-rule
1956 independent
Swaziland 1893-1902 protectorate under Transvaal
1902-1967 protectorate
1967-1968 autonomous
1968 independent
Tanganyika
German East Africa 1916-1922 occupation
Tanganyika 1922-1946 mandate
1946-1961 UN trust territory under Britain
1961 independent merged with Zanzibar in 1964 to form Tanzania
Tati Concessions Land 1872-1893 concession
1893 detached from Matabeleland
1893-1911 under protectorate of Bechuanaland
1911 annexed to Bechuanaland
Transvaal 1877-1884 colony
1884-1900 independent as South African Republic
1900-1906 colony
1906-1910 self-governing colony
1910 part of Union of South Africa now divided between the provinces of Gauteng/Limpopo/North West/Mpumalanga, South Africa
Tripolitania 1942-1946 administration
1946-1951 UN trusteeship under Britain now part of Libya
- Benghazi; Sirte 1942-1946 occupation
1946-1951 UN trusteeship under Britain now part of Libya
- Tripoli 1943-1946 occupation
1946-1951 UN trusteeship under Britain now part of Libya
Uganda 1890-1893 occupied by British East Africa Company
1893-1894 provisional protectorate
1894-1905 protectorate
1905-1962 colony
1962 self-government
1962 independent
Walvis Bay 1795-1878 occupation
1878-1884 protectorate
1884 part of Cape Colony now part of Namibia
Zanzibar 1890-1963 protectorate
1963 independent merged with Tanganyika in 1964 to form Tanzania
Zululand 1887-1897 crown colony
1897 incorporation into Natal now part of the province of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

North America

(north of Mexico)

Name of territory Dates Status Comments
Assiniboia 1812-1836 colony
1836 reverted to control of the Hudson's Bay Company Now part of the province of Manitoba, Canada
Avalon 1623-1637 palatinate
1637 incorporated into Newfoundland
Bristol's Hope 1618-1631 colony
1631 abandoned
Canada, Dominion of 1867 formed by the federation of the provinces of Canada, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia :±: !T! [X] abc
Canada, Province of 1841-1867 colony Formed by the amalgamation of the provinces of Lower and Upper Canada
1867 joined the Dominion of Canada and divided into the provinces of Ontario and Quebec Now the southern halves of Ontario and Quebec, Canada
Cape Breton Island 1763 incorporated into Nova Scotia Previously under French sovereignty
1784 colony separated off from Nova Scotia
1820 re-incorporated into Nova Scotia
Carolina 1586-1663 settlement
1663-1665 colony
1663-1691 proprietary colony
- North Carolina 1691-1710 colony subordinated to South Carolina
1710-1776 colony
1776 declared independent as part of the United States
1783 sovereignty formally relinquished by Great Britain
- South Carolina 1691-1710 colony
1710-1776 proprietary colony
1776 declared independent as part of the United States
1780-1782 occupation
1783 sovereignty formally relinquished by Great Britain
Cuper's Cove 1610-1621 colony
1621 abandoned
East Florida 1763-1783 colony
1783 returned to Spanish sovereignty Now part of the state of Florida, United States
Florida - see under "East Florida" and "West Florida"
Georgia 1732-1755 proprietary colony
1755-1776 crown colony
1776 declared independent as part of the United States
1778-1782 occupation
1783 sovereignty formally relinquished by Great Britain
Labrador 1763-1774 part of Newfoundland annexed to Quebec
1774-1809 part of Quebec (1774-1809)
1809 annexed to Newfoundland Now part of the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada
Lower Canada 1791-1841 province (colony) Now the southern half of the province of Quebec, Canada
1841 merged with Upper Canada to form the Province of Canada Re-established within the Dominion of Canada as the province of Quebec in 1867
New Brunswick 1784-1867 colony Separated from Nova Scotia
1867 became a province of Canada
Newfoundland 1497-1583 claimed by England
1583-1818 colony
1818-1907 crown colony
1907-1934 dominion
1934-1949 crown colony
1949 became a province of Canada Now known as "Newfoundland and Labrador"
North-Western Territory 1859-1870
1870 incorporated into the Northwest Territories of Canada Now divided between the Canadian provinces and territories of Northwest Territories, Yukon, Nunavut, Alberta, Saskatchewan, and British Columbia
Stikine Territory 1862-1863 Now divided between British Columbia and Yukon, Canada
Nova Scotia 1621-1632 Scottish colony
1654-1670 English occupation
1690-1691 English occupation
1710-1713 British occupation
1713-1867 colony
1848 granted responsible government
1867 became a province of Canada
Prince Edward Island
known as New Ireland until 1769, and as St. John's Island until 1799
1744-1748 occupation
1758-1763 occupation
1763-1769 part of Nova Scotia
1769-1873 colony
1873 became a province of Canada
Quebec 1763-1791 province (colony) Quebec and Ontario, in Canada, and (until 1783) the states of Ohio, Michigan, Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin, and Minnesota, in the United States
1791 divided into the provinces of Lower Canada and Upper Canada
Renews 1610-1623 colony abandoned
Rupert's Land 1670-1870 possession of Hudson's Bay Company Nominally included territory that is now part of the Canadian territories and provinces of Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Yukon (until 1858), British Columbia (until 1858), Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, and (until 1818) parts of the U.S. states of North Dakota and Minnesota
1870 incorporated into Canada
St. Pierre and Miquelon 1713-1763 part of Nova Scotia
1763 restored to French sovereignty
1778-1783 occupation
1793-1802 occupation
1803-1816 occupation
South Falkland 1623-1626 colony abandoned
Upper Canada 1791-1841 province (colony) Ontario, Canada
1841 merged with Lower Canada to form the Province of Canada Re-established within the Dominion of Canada as the province of Ontario in 1867
Vancouver Island 1849-1866 crown colony
1866 merged into the colony of British Columbia Now part of the province of British Columbia, Canada
Virginia 1607-1624 colony
1624-1776 crown colony
1776 declared independent as part of the United States
1783 Sovereignty formally relinquished by Great Britain
West Florida 1763-1781 colony
1781 returned to Spanish sovereignty Now part of the state of Florida, United States


Central America and the Caribbean

-
Name of territory Dates Status Comments
Anguilla 1650-1696 colony under St. Christopher
1696-1816 part of colony of Leeward Islands
1816-1832 part of colony of St. Christopher, Nevis, Anguilla, and the British Virgin Islands
1832-1871 part of colony of Leeward Islands as colony of St. Christopher, Nevis, Anguilla, and the British Virgin Islands
1871-1882 part of the presidency of Saint Christopher (within the Leeward Islands)
1882-1956 part of the presidency of Saint Christopher and Nevis (within the Leeward Islands)
1956-1967 part of Saint Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla
1967-1969 unilaterally declared independence
1969-1980 part of Saint Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla
1980-1983 self-governing colony
1983-2002 dependent territory
2002- British Overseas Territory !T! [X] abc /\\/
Antigua
(incl. Barbuda from 1860)
1632-1671 colony
1671-1672 part of colony of Leeward Islands
1672-1816 part of colony of Leeward Islands
1816-1832 part of colony of Antigua-Barbuda-Montserrat
1832-1833 colony
1833-1871 part of colony of Leeward Islands
1871-1956 presidency within the Leeward Islands
1956-1958 colony
1958-1962 province of West Indies Federation
1962-1967 colony
1967-1981 associated state
1981 independent as Antigua and Barbuda :±: !T! [X] abc /\\/
Antigua-Barbuda-Montserrat 1816-1832 colony
1832 dissolved
Aruba 1799-1802 occupation
1805-1816 occupation
1940-1942 protectorate
Bahamas 1670-1684 proprietary colony
1684 occupied by Spain
1718-1964 crown colony
1964-1969 self-government
1969-1973 commonwealth
1973 independent :±: !T! [X] abc /\\/
Barbados 1624-1627 claimed by England
1627-1652 proprietary colony
1652-1663 colony
1663-1833 crown colony
1833-1885 part of colony of Windward Islands
1885-1958 colony
1958-1962 province of West Indies Federation
1962-1966 colony
1966 independent :±: !T! [X] abc /\\/
Barbuda 1628-1832 colony
1632-1671 dependency of Antigua
1671-1816 part of colony of Leeward Islands
1816-1832 part of colony of Antigua-Barbuda-Montserrat
1832-1833 colony
1833-1860 part of colony of Leeward Islands
1860 annexed to Antigua
1976-1980 autonomous
1980 unilateral declaration of independence
1981 independent as part of Antigua and Barbuda
Bay Islands 1643-1780 crown colony
1780 occupied by Spain for a month
1780-1860 crown colony subordinated to Jamaica
1860 ceded to Honduras
Belize - see under "British Honduras"
Bonaire 1807-1815 occupation
British Honduras 1665-1742 settlement
1742-1840 settlement subordinated to Jamaica
1840-1862 colony subordinated to Jamaica
1862-1884 crown colony subordinated to Jamaica
1884-1954 crown colony
1954-1964 autonomy
1964-1981 self-governing colony
1973 renamed "Belize"
1981 independent :±: !T! [X] abc
British Virgin Islands 1666-1672 occupation
1672-1713 part of colony of Leeward Islands as part of Antigua
1713-1816 crown colony part of colony of Leeward Islands
1816-1832 part of colony of St. Christopher, Nevis, Anguilla, and the British Virgin Islands
1832-1871 part of colony of Leeward Islands as colony of St. Christopher, Nevis, Anguilla, and the British Virgin Islands
1871-1956 presidency within the Leeward Islands
1956-1960 part of territory of Leeward Islands
1960-1967 colony
1967-1983 autonomous
1983-2002 dependent territory
2002- British Overseas Territory !T! [X] abc /\\/
Cayman Islands 1670-1958 colony part of Jamaica
1958-1962 province of West Indies Federation
1962-1983 crown colony
1983-2002 dependent territory
2002- British Overseas Territory !T! [X] abc /\\/
Cuba 1762-1763 occupation
Curaçao 1800-1803 occupation
1807-1816 occupation
Dominica 1763-1778 occupation
1778 ceded to France
1784-1871 colony
1871-1939 presidency within the Leeward Islands
1940-1958 colony within the Windward Islands
1958-1962 province of West Indies Federation
1962-1967 colony
1967-1978 associated state
1978 independent !T! [X] abc /\\/
Grenada 1762-1763 occupation
1763-1779 part of colony of South Caribbean Islands
1779 occupied by France
1783-1802 part of colony of South Caribbean Islands
1802-1833 colony
1833-1958 part of Windward Islands
1958-1962 province of West Indies Federation
1962-1967 colony
1967-1974 associated state
1974 independent :±: !T! [X] abc /\\/
Guadeloupe 1759-1763 occupation
1794 occupation
1810-1814 occupation
1815-1816 occupation
Île de la Tortue and Saint-Domingue 1655-1659 occupation
1793-1798 occupation
Jamaica 1655-1670 occupation
1670-1953 colony
1953-1958 self-governing colony
1958-1962 province of West Indies Federation
1962 independent :±: !T! [X] abc /\\/
Leeward Islands 1671-1816 colony
1833-1871 colony
1871-1956 federal colony Comprised the presidencies of Antigua (incl. Barbuda), Dominica (to 1939), Montserrat, Nevis , Saint Kitts (incl. Anguilla, and combined with Nevis in 1883), and the Virgin Islands
1956-1960 territory
1960 dissolved
Martinique 1762-1763 occupation
1794-1802 occupation
1809-1814 occupation
Montserrat 1632-1667 colony part of Antigua
1667 occupied by France
1668-1782 part of colony of Leeward Islands
1784-1816 part of colony of Leeward Islands
1816-1832 part of colony of Antigua-Barbuda-Montserrat
1832-1833 colony part of Antigua
1833-1871 part of colony of Leeward Islands
1871-1956 presidency within the Leeward Islands
1956-1958 colony
1958-1962 province of West Indies Federation
1962-1967 colony
1967-1983 associated state
1983-2002 dependent territory
2002- British Overseas Territory !T! [X] abc /\\/
Mosquito Coast 1668-1786 protectorate
1787-1861 protectorate
1861 incorporated into Nicaragua
Nevis 1628-1671 colony subordinated to Barbados
1671-1701 part of colony of Leeward Islands
1701-1704 part of colony of Leeward Islands under Antigua
1704-1816 part of colony of Leeward Islands
1816-1833 part of colony of St. Christopher, Nevis, Anguilla, and the British Virgin Islands
1833-1871 part of Leeward Islands as colony of St. Christopher, Nevis, Anguilla, and the British Virgin Islands
1871-1883 presidency within the Leeward Islands
1883 amalgamated with Saint Kitts to form the presidency of Saint Christopher and Nevis (within the Leeward Islands)
Redonda 1872-1981 part of Antigua
1981- dependency
Saba 1665 occupation
1672-1679 occupation
1781 occupation
1801-1803 occupation
1810-1816 occupation
St. Christopher
(Saint Kitts)
1623-1666 colony
1666 occupied by France
1671-1701 part of colony of Leeward Islands
1701-1704 part of colony of Leeward Islands under Antigua
1704-1782 part of colony of Leeward Islands
1782 occupied by France
1783-1816 part of colony of Leeward Islands
1816-1833 part of colony of St. Christopher, Nevis, Anguilla, and the British Virgin Islands
1833-1871 part of Leeward Islands as colony of St. Christopher, Nevis, Anguilla, and the British Virgin Islands
1871-1882 part of colony of Leeward Islands
1882 amalgamated with Nevis to form the presidency of Saint Christopher-Nevis (within the Leeward Islands)
St. Christopher and Nevis 1882-1958 presidency within the Leeward Islands
1958-1962 part of province of Saint Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla of West Indies Federation
1962-1967 part of colony of Saint Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla
1967-1980 part of associated state of Saint Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla
1980-1983 associated state
1983 independent :±: !T! [X] abc /\\/
St. Eustatius 1665-1666 occupation
1672-1682 occupation
1690-1693 occupation
1781 occupation
1801-1802 occupation
1810-1816 occupation
St. John 1801-1802 occupation
1807-1815 occupation Now part of the United States Virgin Islands
St. Lucia 1605-1640 settlement
1640 abandoned
1664-1667 occupation
1762-1763 occupation
1781-1783 occupation
1794-1795 occupation
1796-1802 occupation
1803-1838 colony
1838-1958 crown colony part of colony of Windward Islands
1958-1962 province of West Indies Federation
1962-1967 crown colony
1967-1979 associated state
1979 independent :±: !T! [X] abc /\\/
Saint Martin 1690-1699 occupation
1801-1802 occupation
St. Thomas 1801-1802 occupation
1807-1815 occupation Now part of the United States Virgin Islands
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 1627-1636 claimed
1672 claimed
1762-1763 occupation
1763-1776 colony
1776-1779 crown colony
1779 occupied by France
1783-1833 crown colony
1833-1958 part of colony of Windward Islands
1958-1962 province of West Indies Federation
1962-1969 colony
1969-1979 associated state
1979 independent :±: !T! [X] abc /\\/
South Caribbean Islands 1763-1802 colony
1802 dissolved Included the present-day countries of Dominica, Grenada, and St. Vincent and the Grenadines, and the island of Tobago
Tobago 1762-1764 part of colony of Windward Islands
1764-1781 colony
1781 colony of France
1793-1802 occupation
1802 colony of France
1803-1833 crown colony
1833-1888 part of colony of Windward Islands
1889 amalgamated with Trinidad
Tortuga 1631-1635 colony
1635 French possession Now part of Haiti
Trinidad 1802-1888 colony
1889 amalgamated with Tobago as "Trinidad and Tobago"
Trinidad and Tobago 1889-1958 colony
1958-1962 province of West Indies Federation
1962 independent !T! [X] abc /\\/
Turks and Caicos Islands 1799-1848 colony part of Bahamas
1848-1874 colony
1874-1959 colony part of Jamaica
1959-1962 province of West Indies Federation
1962-1983 crown colony
1983-2002 dependent territory
2002- British Overseas Territory !T! [X] abc /\\/
Virgin Islands - see under "British Virgin Islands"
West Indies Federation 1958-1962 federation of colonies
1962 dissolution Included the present-day countries of Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados; Dominica, Grenada, Jamaica, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, and Trinidad and Tobago, and the British Overseas Territories of Anguilla, Cayman Islands, Montserrat, and Turks and Caicos Islands
Windward Islands 1833-1956 colony
1956-1960 territory
1960 dissolution Included the present-day countries of Barbados (to 1885), Grenada, Dominica (from 1940), St. Lucia, and St. Vincent and the Grenadines, and (until 1889) the island of Tobago


South America

Name of territory Dates Status Comments
Berbice 1781-1782 subordinated to Barbados
1782 occupied by France
1796-1802 occupied
1802 restored to the Netherlands
1803-1814 occupied
1814-1831 colony
1831 united with Demerara-Essequibo to form British Guiana Now part of Guyana
British Guiana 1831-1961 colony Formed by the merger of the colonies of Berbice and Demerara-Essequibo
1961-1966 self-rule
1966 independent as Guyana
Demerara 1781-1782 subordinated to Barbados
1782 French occupation
1796-1802 occupied
1802 restored to Netherlands
1803-1814 occupied
1814 merged with Essequibo to form Demerara-Essequibo
Demerara-Essequibo 1814-1831 colony Formed by the merger of the separate colonies of Demerara and Essequibo
1831 united with Berbice to form British Guiana
Essequibo 1781-1782 subordinated to Barbados
1782 French occupation
1796-1802 occupied
1802 restored to the Netherlands
1803-1814 occupied
1814 merged with Demerara to form Demerara-Essequibo
Oyapoc 1620 settlement Now in Guyana
Pomeroon 1666-1667 occupied
1689 occupation
1689 incorporated into Essequibo Now in Guyana
Willoughby 1652-1688 settlement
1688 Dutch occupation Now Paramaribo, in Suriname

Antarctic Region

(territories south of 60°00')

TerritoryStatus (Year)Event Ending Political EntityCurrent Jurisdiction
British Antarctic Territory British Antarctic Territory
- South Shetlandclaimed (1819-1908) South Shetland, British Antarctic Territory
"dependency of Falkland Islands (1908-1962)part of British Antarctic Territory "
- South Orkneyclaimed (1821-1908) South Orkney, British Antarctic Territory
"dependency of Falkland Islands (1908-1962)part of British Antarctic Territory "
- Graham Landannexed (1832-1908) Graham Land, British Antarctic Territory
"dependency of Falkland Islands (1908-1962)part of British Antarctic Territory "
British Antarctic Territorycolony (1962-1983) British Antarctic Territory
"dependent territory (1983-2002) "
" overseas territory (2002-)BAT Flag  :±: !T! £GBP abc"
Enderby Land claimed (1930-1933) transferred to Australia Australian Antarctic Territory, Australia
Victoria Land claimed (1841-1933) " "

Asia

Name of territory Dates Status Comments
Aden 1839-1873 colony subordinate to Bombay
1873-1932 protectorate
1932-1937 province of British India
1937-1963 crown colony
1963 part of protectorate of South Arabia
1963-1967 state
1967 independent Now part of Yemen
Afghanistan 1839-1842 protectorate
1879-1919 protectorate
1919 independent
Bahrain 1880-1961 protectorate
1961-1971 autonomous
1971 independent
British Mandate of Mesopotamia 1920-1932 League of Nations Mandate]
2003-2004 Successor state (Iraq) under partial British occupation
2004 Independent
Baluchistan 1877-1896 province
1896-1947 province of British India
1947 part of Pakistan Now part of Baluchistan and the Tribal Areas, in Pakistan
Bantam 1603-1609 station
1609-1617 factory
1617-1621 presidency
1621 expelled by the Dutch
1630-1634 subordinated to Surat
1634-1652 presidency
1652-1682 subordinated to Surat
1682 expelled by the Dutch Now in Indonesia
Bencoolen
(Fort York)
1685-1760 fort subordinated to Madras
1760-1785 presidency
1785-1825 subordinated to Bengal
1825 part of Netherlands East Indies Now Bengkulu, in Indonesia
Bengal 1634-1658 factories Now divided between West Bengal (in India) and Bangladesh
1658-1681 subordinated to Madras
1681-1682 agency
1682-1694 presidency of Coromandel and Bengal Settlements
1694-1698 subordinated to Madras
1698-1700 presidency of Coromandel and Bengal Settlements
1700-1774 presidency
1774-1854 part of British India
1854-1905 part of province of Bengal-Bihar-Orissa
West Bengal 1905-1912 province
1912 partition reversed Now part of West Bengal, Bihar, Orissa, and Jharkhand, in India
East Bengal 1905-1912 province
1912 partition reversed Now part of Bangladesh
Fort William 1912-1937 presidency Now divided between West Bengal (in India), and Bangladesh
Bengal 1937-1947 presidency
1947 divided between India and East Pakistan
Hong Kong 1843-1941 crown colony
1941 Japanese occupation
1945-1983 crown colony
1983-1997 dependent territory
1997 restored to China as a Special Administrative Region Now a special administrative region of the People's Republic of China
Hong Kong Island 1841-1843 annexed
1843 made crown colony
Kowloon, Stonecutters Island 1860-1997 part of Hong Kong
1997 restored to China as part of Hong Kong SAR
New Territories 1898-1997 lease territory part of Hong Kong
Pulo Condore Island/Côn Đảo 1702-1705 possession of British East India Company
1705 abandoned Now Côn Đảo, in Vietnam
Straits Settlements 1826-1858 possession under British East India Company Now divided between Malacca and Penang, in Malaysia, and Singapore
1858-1867 subordinated to British India
1867-1942 crown colony
1942 occupied by Japan
Surat 1612-1658 factory
1658-1668 presidency
1668-1685 possession under British East India Company
1685-1703 subordinated to Bombay
1703 incorporated into Bombay Now in India
Palestine 1920-1948 mandate Now known as Israel, the West Bank, and Gaza Strip
1948 independence Now known as Israel
1949-1967 occupied by Transjordan and Egypt Now known as the West Bank and Gaza Strip
1967-1993 occupied by Israel Now known as the West Bank and Gaza Strip
1994 autonomous Territories under control of the Palestinian National Authority
Syriaoccupation (1941-1946)independence
Transjordan 1920-1921 part of Palestine Mandate Now known as Jordan
1921-1923 mandate
1923 formally separated from Palestine
1923-1928 mandate
1928 emirate independent, except military and finance control
1928-1946 independent
1946 formal independence
Trucial States 1892-1971 protectorate
1971 formation of Federation of Arab Emirates Now part of the United Arab Emirates
South Vietnam 1945-1946 occupation
1946 formation of Autonomous Republic of Cochinchina
Weihaiwei 1898-1930 leased
1930 returned to China Now part of the People's Republic of China

Asia

Name of territory Dates Status Comments
Aden 1839-1873 colony subordinate to Bombay
1873-1932 protectorate
1932-1937 province of British India
1937-1963 crown colony
1963 part of protectorate of South Arabia
1963-1967 state
1967 independent Now part of Yemen
Afghanistan 1839-1842 protectorate
1879-1919 protectorate
1919 independent
Bahrain 1880-1961 protectorate
1961-1971 autonomous
1971 independent
British Mandate of Mesopotamia 1920-1932 League of Nations Mandate]
2003-2004 Successor state (Iraq) under partial British occupation
2004 Independent
Baluchistan 1877-1896 province
1896-1947 province of British India
1947 part of Pakistan Now part of Baluchistan and the Tribal Areas, in Pakistan
Bantam 1603-1609 station
1609-1617 factory
1617-1621 presidency
1621 expelled by the Dutch
1630-1634 subordinated to Surat
1634-1652 presidency
1652-1682 subordinated to Surat
1682 expelled by the Dutch Now in Indonesia
Bencoolen
(Fort York)
1685-1760 fort subordinated to Madras
1760-1785 presidency
1785-1825 subordinated to Bengal
1825 part of Netherlands East Indies Now Bengkulu, in Indonesia
Bengal 1634-1658 factories Now divided between West Bengal (in India) and Bangladesh
1658-1681 subordinated to Madras
1681-1682 agency
1682-1694 presidency of Coromandel and Bengal Settlements
1694-1698 subordinated to Madras
1698-1700 presidency of Coromandel and Bengal Settlements
1700-1774 presidency
1774-1854 part of British India
1854-1905 part of province of Bengal-Bihar-Orissa
West Bengal 1905-1912 province
1912 partition reversed Now part of West Bengal, Bihar, Orissa, and Jharkhand, in India
East Bengal 1905-1912 province
1912 partition reversed Now part of Bangladesh
Fort William 1912-1937 presidency Now divided between West Bengal (in India), and Bangladesh
Bengal 1937-1947 presidency
1947 divided between India and East Pakistan
Hong Kong 1843-1941 crown colony
1941 Japanese occupation
1945-1983 crown colony
1983-1997 dependent territory
1997 restored to China as a Special Administrative Region Now a special administrative region of the People's Republic of China
Hong Kong Island 1841-1843 annexed
1843 made crown colony
Kowloon, Stonecutters Island 1860-1997 part of Hong Kong
1997 restored to China as part of Hong Kong SAR
New Territories 1898-1997 lease territory part of Hong Kong
Pulo Condore Island/Côn Đảo 1702-1705 possession of British East India Company
1705 abandoned Now Côn Đảo, in Vietnam
Straits Settlements 1826-1858 possession under British East India Company Now divided between Malacca and Penang, in Malaysia, and Singapore
1858-1867 subordinated to British India
1867-1942 crown colony
1942 occupied by Japan
Surat 1612-1658 factory
1658-1668 presidency
1668-1685 possession under British East India Company
1685-1703 subordinated to Bombay
1703 incorporated into Bombay Now in India
Palestine 1920-1948 mandate Now known as Israel, the West Bank, and Gaza Strip
1948 independence Now known as Israel
1949-1967 occupied by Transjordan and Egypt Now known as the West Bank and Gaza Strip
1967-1993 occupied by Israel Now known as the West Bank and Gaza Strip
1994 autonomous Territories under control of the Palestinian National Authority
Syriaoccupation (1941-1946)independence
Transjordan 1920-1921 part of Palestine Mandate Now known as Jordan
1921-1923 mandate
1923 formally separated from Palestine
1923-1928 mandate
1928 emirate independent, except military and finance control
1928-1946 independent
1946 formal independence
Trucial States 1892-1971 protectorate
1971 formation of Federation of Arab Emirates Now part of the United Arab Emirates
South Vietnam 1945-1946 occupation
1946 formation of Autonomous Republic of Cochinchina
Weihaiwei 1898-1930 leased
1930 returned to China Now part of the People's Republic of China


Europe

Name of territory Dates Status Comments
Akrotiri and Dhekelia 1960-1983 colonies
1983-2002 dependent territory
2002- British Overseas Territory
Alderney 1198-1204 lordship
1204 fiefdom
1205 fiefdom
1206-1279 fiefdom
1279 briefly occupied by France
1279-1660 part of bailiwick of Guernsey
1660-1825 seigneurie
1825 subordinated to Guernsey
Austria
(British Zone)
1945-1955 occupied Included Carinthia, Styria, and the east Tyrol
1955 Austrian sovereignty restored
Berlin
(British Sector)
1945-1990 occupied
1990 incorporated into Germany
Calais 1347-1558 fort - regarded as part of English territory
1558 recaptured by France
Corsica 1794-1796 kingdom
1796 incorporated into France
1814 protectorate
1814 restored to French sovereignty
Cyprus 1878-1914 administration while nominally remaining part of the Ottoman Empire
1914 annexation
1925-1960 crown colony
1960 independent
Dodecanese 1945-1947 occupied
1947 incorporated into Greece
Elba 1796-1797 garrison
1797 abandoned
England 10th century kingdom formed
1536 incorporated Wales
1603-1649 personal union with Scotland
1649-1660 republic as the Commonwealth of England
1660-1707 personal union with Scotland
1707 political union with Scotland to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain
Faroe Islands 1940-1945 occupied
1945 restored to Danish sovereignty
Genoa 1800 occupied
1800 sovereignty restored to Republic of Genoa
1814-1815 administration
1815 annexed to Sardinia-Piedmont Now part of Italy
Germany
(British Zone)
1945-1955 occupied Included territories of the present-day German states of Hamburg, Schleswig-Holstein, Lower Saxony, and North Rhine-Westphalia
1955 full sovereignty restored to the Federal Republic of Germany
Gibraltar 1704-1713 occupied
1713-1830 garrison
1830-1983 crown colony
1983-2002 dependent territory
2002- British Overseas Territory Sovereignty disputed by Spain
Great Britain, Kingdom of 1707 formed by union of the kingdoms of England and Scotland
1801 union with Ireland to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
Guernsey
(incl. islands of Brechou, Herm, Jethou, and Sark)
1198-1204 lordship
1204-1205 fiefdom
1206-1279 fiefdom
1279-1940 bailiwick
1940-1945 occupied by Germany
1945- bailiwick
Heligoland 1807-1814 occupied
1814-1890 colony
1890 incorporated into Germany
1945-1952 occupied
Ionian Islands 1809-1815 occupied
1815-1864 United States of Ionian Islands, under British protection
1864 incorporated into Greece
Ireland 1172-1541 lordship
1541-1800 kingdom subordinated to the English (later British) Crown
1801 merged with Great Britain to form the United Kingdom
1922 secession of twenty-six counties as the Irish Free State
1937 Irish Free State breaks most remaining constitutional links with the British Crown and is renamed Ireland (or Éire)
1949 Ireland becomes a republic and leaves the Commonwealth See also under "Northern Ireland"
Isle of Man 1266-1290 fiefdom under Scotland
1313-1317 fiefdom under Scotland
1328-1333 fiefdom under Scotland
1333-1504 fiefdom
1504-1594 lordship
1594-1610 direct crown rule
1610-1649 lordship
1649-1660 commonwealth and protectorate
1660-1765 lordship
1765-1827 possession
1827- crown dependency
Italy 1943-1947 occupied
1947 Italian sovereignty restored
Jersey 1204 fiefdom subordinated to Guernsey
1204-1205 fiefdom subordinated to Guernsey
1206-1279 fiefdom subordinated to Guernsey
1279-1380 bailiwick subordinated to Guernsey
1382-1461 bailiwick subordinated to Guernsey
1468-1487 bailiwick subordinated to Guernsey
1487-1940 bailiwick
1940-1945 occupied by Germany
1945- bailiwick
Malta 1802-1814 occupied
1814-1921 crown colony
1921-1933 self-governing colony
1933-1947 crown colony
1947-1958 self-rule
1958-1961 direct rule
1961-1962 state
1961-1964 self-rule
1964 independent
Minorca 1708-1713 occupied
1713 ceded to Britain
1714-1756 colony
1756 occupied by France
1798-1802 colony
1802 restored to Spain
Northern Ireland 1921-1972 home rule within the United Kingdom
1972-1973 direct rule
1973-1974 home rule within the United Kingdom
1974-1999 direct rule
1999-2002 home rule within the United Kingdom
2002-2007 direct rule
2007- home rule within the United Kingdom
Rhodes 1945-1947 occupation
1947 incorporated into Greece
Scotland 9th century kingdom formed
1603-1649 personal union with the Kingdom of England
1653-1660 incorporated into the Commonwealth of England, Scotland, and Ireland
1660-1707 personal union with the Kingdom of England
1707 union with England to form the Kingdom of Great Britain
1999- home rule within the United Kingdom
United Kingdom 1801 formed by the union of the kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland
1922 secession of the Irish Free State
1927 formal name changed from "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland" to "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland"
Vienna
(British Sector)
1945-1955 occupied
1955 Austrian sovereignty restored
Wales 1282-1301 various former principalities subject to English rule
1301-1536 principality subject to the heir to the English throne
1536 incorporated into England
1999- limited devolution within the United Kingdom


Indian Ocean

(islands in the Indian Ocean)

TerritoryStatus (Year)Event Ending Political EntityCurrent Jurisdiction
Ashmore and Cartier Islands Ashmore and Cartier Islands, Australia
- Ashmore Islandannexed (1878-1931)transferred to Australia"
- Cartier Islandannexed (1909-1931)" "
British Indian Ocean Territory British Indian Ocean Territory
" occupation (1810-1814) "
" part of colony of Seychelles (1814-1903) "
" part of colony of Mauritius (1903-1965) "
" colony (1965-1976) Aldabra/Farquhar/Des Roches, Seychelles; British Indian Ocean Territory
" colony (1976-1983) British Indian Ocean Territory
" dependent territory (1983-2002) "
" overseas territory (2002-) British Indian Ocean Territory flag  :±: !T! £GBP abc "
Ceylon subordinated to presidency of Madras (1795-1798) Sri Lanka
" colony (1798-1802) "
" crown colony (1802-1886) "
" crown colony (1886-1942) Sri Lanka; Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Australia
" crown colony (1942-1948)independence C !T! /\\/Sri Lanka
Christmas Island annexed (1888-1889) Christmas Island, Australia
" leased (1889-1890) "
" dependency of colony of Straits Settlement (1900-1942)Japanese occupation "
" military administration (1945-1946) "
" dependency of colony of Singapore (1946-1958) "
" crown colony (1958)territory of Australia "
Cocos (Keeling) Islands settlement (1825; 1826-1831) Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Australia
" fiefdom (1831-1857) "
" crown colony (1857-1878) "
" part of Ceylon (1878-1886) "
" part of Straits Settlements (1886-1942) "
" part of Ceylon (1942-1946) "
" dependency of colony of Singapore (1946-1955)territory of Australia "
Heard Island and McDonald Islands claimed (1833-1947) transferred to Australian Antarctic Territory Heard Island and McDonald Islands, Australia
Madagascar occupation (1942-1946) restored to France Madagascar
Maldives protectorate (1796-1953) Maldives
" republic (1953-1954)sultantate restored "
" protectorate (1954-1965)independence C !T! /\\/"
- United Suvadivan Republicrepublic (1959-1963)restored to Maldives "
Mauritius colony (1810-1965) Mauritius; Chagos Archipelago, British Indian Ocean Territory
"colony (1965-1968)independence C !T! abc /\\/ Mauritius
- Rodriguesoccupation (1809-1814) Rodrigues, Mauritius
"dependency of colony of Mauritius (1814-1968)part of Mauritius "
Réunion occupation (1810-1815; 1942-1946) restored to France Réunion, France
Seychelles occupation (1794-1810) Seychelles
" colony subordinated to Mauritius (1810-1814) "
" colony (1814-1903) "
" crown colony (1903-1970) "
" self-governing colony (1970-1975) "
" self-rule (1975-1976)independence C !T! abc /\\/"
- Aldabra; Farquhar; Des Roches part of British Indian Ocean Territory (1965-1976)part of Seychelles Aldabra/Farquhar/Des Roches, Seychelles
Tranquebar Andaman and Nicobar Islands/Nagapattinam, India
- Dansborg; Frederiksnagore occupation (1801-1802; 1808-1815; 1845-1947)part of British India Nagapattinam, India
- Andaman Islandspossession part of British India (1789-1942, 1945-1947)occupied by Japan (1942-1945)Andaman Islands, India
- Nicobar Islandspart of British India (1848-1942, 1945-1947)occupied by Japan (1942-1945)Nicobar Islands, India


Australasia and the Pacific

Territory Status (Year) Event Ending Political Entity Current Jurisdiction
Australia dominion (1901-1942)ratified Statute of Westminster C :±: Australia
Baker Island claimed (1886-1934)reclaimed by United States Baker Island, United States
Bonin Islands claimed (1827-1876)annexed by Japan Bonin Islands, Japan
British New Guineaprotectorate (1884-1886) Papua New Guinea
New Guineacolony (1886-1906)transferred to Australia "
British Solomon Islandstripartite protectorate (1889-1893) Solomon Islands
"protectorate part of British Western Pacific Territories (1893-1942)Japanese occupation "
"protectorate part of British Western Pacific Territories (1943-1971) "
"protectorate (1971-1973) "
"autonomy (1973-1975)renamed "
Solomon Islandsautonomy (1975-1976) "
"self-government (1976-1978)independence C :±:"
Cook Islandsprotectorate (1888-1891) Cook Islands, New Zealand
"federation (1891-1900)annexed by New Zealand "
Fijicolony (1874-1877) Fiji
" part of British Western Pacific Territories (1877-1952) "
" colony (1952-1970)independence C"
Friendly Islandstripartite protectorate (1889-1900) Tonga
"protectorate part of British Western Pacific Territories (1900-1952) "
" protectorate (1952-1970)independence C"
Gilbert and Ellice Islandsprotectorate (1892-1916) Tuvalu; Kiribati
"crown colony part of British Western Pacific Territories (1916-1949) Tuvalu; Kiribati; Tokelau, New Zealand
"crown colony part of British Western Pacific Territories (1949-1975) Tuvalu; Kiribati
- Gilbert Islandscrown colony part of British Western Pacific Territories (1975-1976) Kiribati
" colony (1976-1979)independence C "
- Ellice Islandsdependency part of British Western Pacific Territories (1975-1976) Tuvalu
"colony (1976-1978)independence C :±:"
Howland Islandclaimed (1886-1935)reclaimed by United States Howland Island, United States
Jarvis Islandannexed (1889-1935)reclaimed by United States Jarvis Island, United States
Naurupart of British Western Pacific Territories (1914-1920) Nauru
" League of Nations mandate part of British Western Pacific Territories (1920-1921) "
" League of Nations mandate (1921-1942)Japanese occupation "
" mandate (1945-1947) "
" United Nation trust territory (1947-1968)independence C "
New Hebridesprotectorate (1824-1878) Vanuatu
" neutral territory (1878-1887) "
" joint naval commission (1887-1906) "
" condominium part of British Western Pacific Territories (1906-1976) "
" condominium (1976-1980)independence C"
New South Walescolony (1788-1825) New South Wales/Queensland/Tasmania/South Australia/Northern Territory/Victoria/Norfolk Island, Australia; New Zealand
" colony (1825-1836) New South Wales/Queensland/South Australia/Northern Territory/Victoria/Norfolk Island, Australia; New Zealand
" colony (1836-1841) New South Wales/Queensland/Northern Territory/Victoria/Norfolk Island, Australia; New Zealand
" colony (1841-1844) New South Wales/Queensland/Northern Territory/Victoria/Norfolk Island, Australia
" colony (1844-1851) New South Wales/Queensland/Northern Territory/Victoria, Australia
" colony (1851-1859) New South Wales/Queensland/Northern Territory, Australia
" colony (1859-1863) New South Wales/Northern Territory, Australia
" colony (1863-1901)state of Australia New South Wales, Australia
- Lord Howe Islandclaimed (1788-1834) Lord Howe Island, Australia
" settlement (1834-1855)part of New South Wales "
New Zealandclaimed (1769-1788) New Zealand
" part of New South Wales (1792-1835)declared independence"
" protectorate (1835-1840) "
" possession part of New South Wales (1840-1841) "
" colony (1841-1907) "
" dominion (1907-1947)ratified Statute of Westminster C :±: "
Niuetripartite protectorate (1889-1900) Niue, New Zealand
"protectorate part of British Western Pacific Territories (1900-1901)annexed to New Zealand
Norfolk Islandsettlement part of New South Wales (1788-1844) Norfolk Island, Australia
"part of colony of Van Diemen's Land (1844-1855) "
"part of colony of Tasmania (1855-1856) "
"subordinated to New South Wales (1856-1897)dependency of New South Wales"
Palmyra Atollannexed (1889-1898)annexed by United States Palmyra Atoll, United States
Pitcairn Islandsprotectorate (1838-1887) Pitcairn, Pitcairn Islands
"colony (1887-1898) "
"part of British Western Pacific Territories (1898-1902) "
"part of British Western Pacific Territories (1902-1970) Pitcairn/Sandy Island/Oeno/Henderson/Ducie, Pitcairn Islands
"colony (1970-1983) "
"dependent territory (1983-2002) "
"overseas territory (2002-)Pitcairn Islands Flag :±: "
Queenslandpart of colony of New South Wales (1824-1859) Queensland, Australia
"colony (1859-1901)state of Australia"
- Torres Strait Islands part of colony of Queensland (1879-1901)part of Queensland "
- Coral Sea Islandspart of colony of Queensland (1879-1901)" Coral Sea Islands, Australia
Samoatripartite protectorate (1889-1900)annexed by Germany Samoa; Niue, New Zealand; Solomon Islands; American Samoa, United States
Sandwich Islandsprotectorate (1794-10 February 1843)independence Hawaii, United States
"Ceded to Britain 10 February 1843 - 31 July 1843 "
South Australiapart of colony of New South Wales (1788-1836) South Australia, Australia
"province (1836-1863) "
"province (1863-1901)state of Australia South Australia/Northern Territory, Australia
Van Diemen's Landpart of New South Wales (1803-1825) Tasmania, Australia
"colony (1825-1844) "
"colony (1844-1855)renamed Norfolk Island/Tasmania, Australia
Tasmaniacolony (1855-1856) "
"colony (1856-1901)state of AustraliaTasmania, Australia
- Macquarie Islandpart of colony of New South Wales (1810-1890) Macquarie Island, Australia
" part of colony of Tasmania (1890-1901)part of Tasmania "
Tokelauprotectorate (1889-1898) Tokelau, New Zealand
" protectorate part of British Western Pacific Territories (1898-1916) "
" part of colony of Gilbert and Ellice Islands (1916-1949)transferred to New Zealand"
Victoriapart of colony of New South Wales (1839-1851)state of AustraliaVictoria, Australia
"colony (1851-1901)state of AustraliaVictoria, Australia
Western Australia
- King George Soundsettlement (1791-1829)transferred from New South WalesWestern Australia, Australia
- Swan Rivercolony (1829-1832)renamed "
Western Australiacolony (1832-1901)state of Australia"
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