Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation
This glossary is far from complete. We are constantly adding terms.
Forests contain large amounts of carbon. When they are logged or burned carbon dioxide (CO2) is released. In addition removal of trees or other ground vegetation exposes the soil, which can also release (CO2) to the atmosphere. This is especially true in peat soils.
The REDD is joint program of the United Nations Environmental Program (UNEP), the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).
The program works mostly at the local level, with individual countries determining specific measures. The global program works to help build capacity in individual countries, provide scientific and technical support, give guidance on monitoring, and establish best practices. It also ensures that indigeneous peoples are engaged in the process.
Confusingly, afforestation and reforestation can also be included in carbon exchange mechanism under the Kyoto protocol. These programs are separate from REDD.