# The Writer's Manual (developed for the English Language Learner by the English Language Learner)

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                      TIPS

• Try to avoid sentences with "there is and there are" specially when is a topic sentence.
• List of Connectors

- for example - for instance - additionally - moreover - on the other hand - besides - indeed - therefore - to begin with - firstly - first of all

• Avoid the use of passive voice like: It is proved
• Most of your writing should be your original idea.

MEAL Plan

• Avoid this wors: ALWAYS, NEVER, PROVE, OBVIOUSLY and TRUE"
• Write in third person
• do not over use verb TO BE
• no one sentence paragraph

restrictive clauses do not need a comma non-rstricted grammar need commas

• be aware of the run on sentences in order to avoid them.
• Citation is in the text.
• Reference goes at the very end of the text.
• MEAL Plan
• In order to create a good paragraph you need to take into account the MEAL plan

-Main idea -Evidence -Analyze -Link

• The subject in a sentence should appear at the beggining of, specially in Topic Sentences.
• Do not begin a sentence with a number; for example, 60% of the students... Write the words: Sixty percent of the students...
• Do not overuse the verb To Be.there are many differences about these three words:

## Initials

Lizeth Enriqueta Palafox Limones LEPL


Licenciatura en Enseñanza del Inglés. LEI

## Abbreviation

Desarrollo Integral de la Familia DIF

In writing, an abbreviation is any shortened form of a word or phrase.

Note, however, that there are types of abbreviations; the most common being acronyms and intialisms.

   * acronym - (a type of abbreviation)
A word formed from the initial parts (letters OR syllables OR arbitrary parts) of a name.
Examples: NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organisation)

   * initialism - (a type of abbreviation)
A group of initial letters used as an abbreviation for a name or expression,
each letter being pronounced separatel
For example, "BBC" (British Broadcasting Corporation), or "PBS" (Public Broadcasting System).


Liberty Miller (1999). abbreviation vs. acronym vs. initialism. Liberty.com Retrieved August, 26,2011 From:http://lyberty.com/encyc/articles/abbr.html

## [Acronym]

Main idea Evidence Analyse Link

Plan

MEAL Plan

• Avoid this wors: ALWAYS, NEVER, PROVE, OBVIOUSLY and TRUE"
• Write in third person
• do not over use verb TO BE
• no one sentence paragraph

restrictive clauses do not need a comma non-rstricted grammar need commas

• avoid "one of the most relevant
• check punctuation
• check spelling

### Discussion

• Tip: to avoid creating text boxes, take out the indentions. Text should all be flush left (left justified). --Bnleez 17:10, 1 September 2011 (UTC)

Dos

Refer active voice Create precise sentences and concise Use sentences connectors/ transitional words Write 3rd person Each paragraph must have a topic sentence (i.e.) (e.g.) Only include author's last name Correct punctuation A clause must contain subject& predicate Spell check Have someone to read and check your writing

## List of Transition Signals

1.-To indicate sequence or to order information first, second etc., followed by, at this point, next, last, finally, previously, subsequently, after that, initially, and then, next, before, after, concurrently, simultaneously, meanwhile 2.-To introduce an example in this case, for example, for instance, on this occasion, to illustrate, to demonstrate, this can be seen, when/where . . . ,take the case of 3.-To indicate time Immediately, thereafter, formerly, finally, prior to, previously, then, soon, during, at that time, before, after, at this point 4.-To logically divide an idea first, next, finally, firstly, secondly, thirdly, initially, subsequently, ultimately 5.-To compare Similarly, by comparison, similar to, like, just like, whereas, balanced against 6.-To contrast in contrast, on the other hand, balanced against, however, on the contrary, unlike, differing from, a different view is, despite 7.-To introduce additional ideas/ information in addition, also, finally, moreover, furthermore, one can also say, and then, further, another 8.-To introduce an opposite idea or show exception However, on the other hand, whereas, instead, while, yet, but, despite, in spite of, nevertheless, even though, in contrast, it could also be said that 9.-To give an example for example, to illustrate, for instance, in this case, to demonstrate, take the case of 10.-To indicate a result/ cause of something Therefore, thus, consequently, as a consequence, as a result, hence

11.-To summarise or conclude In summary, in conclusion, in brief, as a result, on the whole, summing up, as shown, ultimately, therefore, consequently, thus, in other words, to conclude, to summarize, finally