Examining the activity or event for trends and patterns and for evidence of teacher or student strengths and weaknesses are the key element of analysis. The analysis has to include reflection on the intended learning outcomes of the lesson and the real outcomes of it. It has to show the essential strengths and weaknesses of the lesson, as well as a reflection on what can be done to improve the delivery of the lesson and the learning outcomes.
To achieve these goals the analysis has to answer to the following questions:
- What were the essential strengths and weaknesses of the lesson?
- What specifically might have been changed to improve the delivery of the lesson?
- What specifically might have been changed to improve the learning outcomes?
- What were the unintended and unanticipated learning outcomes of the lesson?
- What factors negatively or positively affected the success of the lesson?
- What specifically was learned as a result of developing, planning and teaching this lesson?
- Why is this experience significant in order to become an effective teacher?
This type of analysis requires in-depth, honest self-appraisal and focused introspection.