Albany Senior High School/Strenthening Engagement
What Do Students Want (and what really motivates them)?
Based on article from: Educational Leadership September 1995 | Volume 53 | Number 1 Strengthening Student Engagement Pages 8-12 Richard Strong, Harvey F. Silver and Amy Robinson http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational-leadership/sept95/vol53/num01/toc.aspx
Goals and Needs
The SCORE: people who are engaged in their work are driven by essential goals, each of which satisfies a particular human need:
- Success (the need for mastery)
- Curiosity (the need for understanding
- Originality (the need for self-excpression)
- Relationships (the need for involvement with others)
- Energy (the drive toward completion)
Three conditions for Success
- clearly articulating criteria for success & providing clear, immediate, and constructive feedback;
- showing students the skills they need are within their grasp by clearly and systematically modeling these skills;
- helping them see success as a valuable aspect of their personalities.
Providing fragmentary or contradictory info:
“ It is precisely the lack of organisation of a body of information that compels us to understand it further. This may explain why textbooks, which are highly organised, rarely arouse student interest.”
Relating the topic to students' personal lives.
- Connect creative projects to students' personal ideas and concerns;
- Expand what counts as an audience;
- Consider giving students more choice;
- Use the “abstracting” strategy to help students fully understand a genre and to maintain high standards.
Fostering Peer Relations
- Complementary assignments;
- Structured cooperative learning (eg jigsaw activities.
- the motivation that is essential for students to deal constructively with complexity, confusion, repetition, & ambiguities...
- ...can be fostered with the right classroom conditions at the right level for each student.
Planning for engagement
- Essential questions:
- Engage: Learning intentions
- Explore: Lesson activities
- Explain: teacher facilitated
- Extend/elaborate: concept reinforcement
- Evaluate: next steps